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Friday, December 02, 2022

Progress and contrast in energy use in El Salvador

In the context of renewable energy, Daniel Alvarez, the head of the Lempa River Hydroelectric Executive Commission (CEL), highlighted at a recent event in Mexico that his country has identified 95 more megawatts (MW) of electricity from geothermal energy. that already uses. 35.

However, despite the government’s efforts to try and replace energy sources to avoid environmental pollution, there is still a long way to go, with experts saying that one in 10 Salvadorans use firewood to cook their meals. uses, eg.

These figures are reflected by the 2021 Multi-Purpose Household Survey (EHPM), which specified that 15.2 percent of Salvadoran households in rural areas prepare their food from firewood, compared to only 2.2 percent in urban areas.

The latest sampling, carried out by the now-defunct Directorate General of Statistics and Census (Digest), indicates that domestic use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is the main source of energy for cooking by Salvadoran households.

More than 1.71 million households use this derivative of crude oil, representing 88.7 percent.

Also, 7.1 percent of households use firewood despite the polluting effects by releasing particulate matter harmful to human health. The remaining 4.2 percent, the study said, use electricity or some other method to cook their food.

Data from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations allow us to state that poor households in developing countries use firewood, charcoal and other solid fuels (agricultural residues and cardboard) in open stoves or in poor stoves. is burned, like El Salvador.

It generates incomplete combustion which represents a major threat to human health and environment.

According to reports, according to official figures, the situation improves as the number of households using firewood decreases.

In 2019, 149,995 households were registered, which is a decrease of 12,548 over the previous year’s figure or over 29,000 from 2018.

A curious fact is that the purchase of gas and firewood also bothers some families. Someone buys a gas cylinder for $8.51 while others consume firewood for $8.78.

Despite these contrasts, El Salvador remains one of the countries with the most options and resources to cope with climate change, especially due to advances in the exploitation of geothermal and hydroelectric sources.

ODA/LB

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