During 2023, some Anglo-American initiatives have been announced that will go in the direction of decarbonizing, reusing, and increasing the efficiency of the use of resources and thus protect the biodiversity of the planet. Rafael Ascaniobiodiversity advisor of the company’s Climate Change Management, explains the Blue Carbon initiative in Chile but also talks about the company’s overall sustainability goals.
According to what he said in the Revolución Circular, the advisor maintains that they have ambitious goals, of which one in particular stands out: to be carbon neutral by the year 2040. Ascanio knows that this is a very broad challenge and that it will help in any way. fight the effects of climate change. “The fight against climate change is not the work of one person nor of one company; This is everyone’s job. “Chile has set the goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050, with several intermediate goals and many other conservation goals.” he pointed out.
The executive maintained that Anglo American is following the same line as the country, but aims to achieve the goal 10 years in advance. Because of this, they have a series of development projects and they know that the goal is not easy. “The first thing we need to do is decarbonize, that is, emit less emissions. And, from 2021, all the energy we use in our operations is 100% renewable energy, where we reduced scope 1 and scope 2 emissions by 65%.indica.
For this, they are also working on fuel replacement. And for that, he explained, they have two lines of work. On the one hand, there is green hydrogen, where they create projects to promote and publicize the development of this clean technology in the country and the mining sector. Another issue is electromobility, that is, changing their fleets of cars, vans, and trucks.
Blue Carbon Project
Following this line of biodiversity and seeking to solve the problem of conservation to help local communities in the sustainable use of resources, the Anglo-American experience was taken in Namibia, where they worked with Blue Carbon for two years. Therefore, with the help of the experience of the NGO Kells Forest Foundation in Africa, the company is trying to put the potential in Chile.
This development comes from marine ecosystems such as seagrasses, mangroves, marshes, and swamps, where a lot of carbon is buried. This carbon trapped under water is called Blue Carbon and although it can sometimes go unnoticed, keeping it well trapped is important for the health of the planet.
Rafael Ascanio maintains that the Blue Carbon is very new and it has gained a lot of power. “Blue Carbon is removed from the atmosphere and thus prevents the formation of greenhouse gases, which cause climate change. For example, plants and algae, when they photosynthesize, take carbon from the atmosphere and use it there for their own growth and biomass formation. But that carbon, when the plant dies, goes back into the atmosphere. So, in our focus on climate change, we need to go one step further to fix it” Explain.
In addition, as the term goes, added the Anglo-American advisor, it is important to know what “carbon sequestration” is. The first step is for the algae to fix the carbon in their tissues. And, the second, is to see how this project sequesters carbon and stores it for hundreds or thousands of years, in a way that does not affect climate change. “This is a very new topic because we are investigating and filling in scientific information to have clarity about the whole process,” he said.
Rafael Ascanio explained that different entities are working on this collaborative project, including the Fundación Chile, the AquaPacífico Center, and the Andrés Bello University. In addition, he pointed out that new technologies and methods are used in the cultivation and study of macroalgae. “There is great potential. For example, we work with companies that can develop robots that descend, cultivate, and plant on the ocean floor. Also, these robots will help in research and technological innovation to produce biocarbon. So, this is a world where we are changing, from a biological and technological point of view”SENTENCES.