Monday, March 4, 2024

Reduction of working hours stalls in Congress

the Renewal to minimize the work day in Mexico to 40 hours a week from the current 48 hours will not be approved this year, they said Reuters five sources involved in the discussions, so its debate will wait until early 2024, when the legislature will resume its functions.

Since its discussion began last year, the constitutional reform initiative has been opposed by businessmen and the opposition. National Action Party (PAN) -the second force in the lower house behind the ruling party Morena- and seems to have received a brake this week after the President Andrés Manuel López Obrador I will ask for more time to analyze it.

The regular session ends on December 13 and the president said this week in his morning conference that the 12th should not be a definitive date for the issue. Deputies will resume their functions on February 1, 2024 and end the legislature in August.

“Give time and even invite everyone and review what is happening in other countries (…) and listen more, give reasons,” he said on Tuesday when asked about the issue.

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Echoing what the sources said Reuters, the president of the commission on Constitutional Points of Chamber of Deputies, Juan Robledoassured on Thursday that “there is will but no time to approve.”

“For the next period of this legislature, the discussion will take place in plenary,” he added.

To be approved, the reform needs the favorable vote of two-thirds of the deputies. Morena and its allies do not have a qualified majority. Once the reform is approved by the Chamber of Deputies, it must be endorsed by SENATE and, later, in more than half of the state congresses.

The reform initiative, which seeks to establish that for every five days of work there are two days of rest, was presented by Morena last year and, in April, it was approved by the commission of Constitutional Points of the Chamber of Deputies.

The next step is to debate the changes in plenary but, in the face of opposition from the business sector and the PAN, it was decided to bring them to an “open parliament” in October and November, when the voices on workers, unions, employers, academics, among others.

During the discussions, the businessmen asked the representatives that the application of the reform will be done slowly so as not to affect some sectors that have a high demand for labor.

In addition, they consider that the initiative will seriously affect small and medium-sized businesses. (SMEs), as well as sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture, commerce and tourism and that there is a risk of closing the business. They also maintained that, if approved, it would require the hiring of 2.6 million workers with reduced hours, with an annual impact of 20 billion dollars for companies.

“The increase in the reduction of working hours has an estimated (additional) cost of between 10% and 20% (of costs). “This has an impact on the final consumer,” he said at the beginning of the week. Esperanza Ortegapresident of Canacintra, the organization representing Mexico’s industrial sector.

“We industrialists do not refuse to reduce working hours (but) we need more productivity to maintain what we have now,” he added in a press conference.

Reduction Of Working Hours Stalls In Congress

Mexico is the country of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with the worst balance between personal life and work, according to the group, known as “the rich club of the country.”

With 2,226 hours per year (about 500 hours more than the OECD average), Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America, It leads the table of OECD countries where most of the work is done. Moreover, it is the country that has low labor productivity and low wages in a group of 38 states.

Since assuming the presidency at the end of 2018, López Obrador has sought to improve the quality of life of Mexicans. Every year it raises the minimum wage above inflation; However, Mexico continues to be one of the countries in the region with the lowest wages.

“There is no objection workers’ rights They must multiply. What we have said is that SMEs are worrying,” defended the deputy. Naomi Luna, of PAN, in the conclusions of the open parliament in November.

World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Desk
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