Santo Domingo – From chemical engineering to civil engineering, which is considered the mother of all, due to its importance for economic development, there are many scientific projects whose goal is a firm care for the environment and human life.
In civil engineering, a new project is carried out, which tends to change the raw material of certain utensils in the area of construction; such is the block, which is the principal material of Dominican constructions.
This project is called the Reevaluation of Technical Behavior and Sustainable Constructive Solutions, which consists of creating walls and ceilings that allow the interior of houses to have more pleasant temperatures without the use of air conditioning or with minimal energy consumption.
Doctor in Thermal Comfort and Energy Efficiency of Buildings, Yokasta García Frómeta, explained about making blocks with broken glass residue, which are taken from factory waste. He expressed the process of making them crush and incorporate them in the form of a log, because they are the main constructive element of the region.
“This new scientific project seeks to help reduce the consumption of electrical energy, because producing this light is expensive and pollutes the environment. Another long-term effect of the project, when used in construction, is to reduce global warming,” the researcher said.
From this project, two new doctoral theses were created by the engineers Delis Almonte and Nicole Urbaez, which set up a concrete block with waste, explained the computer engineer.
With this, there are other ideas that also create in wood, to seek sustainable construction solutions, declared the winner of three consecutive years of the National Fund for innovation and scientific and technical development (FONDOCyT).
García Frómeta has been passionate about science and the environment since childhood, besides this research he is also working on other projects. As is the creation of Thermo Acoustic Insulators, which are created from agricultural waste.
The materials used in these investigations for these blocks are glass, husks, coconut straw and even crushed plastic, stated the Master in Sustainable Construction.
Jenny Gómez Avila
As Yokasta García uses science to help the environment, Jenny Gómez Avila is also a chemist and scientist who performs various tasks to save human life and the planet.
Jenny has worked as a researcher for 12 years. He is currently doing this work, which he aims to achieve by being able to absorb arsenic and cyanide in the water, since they are two substances that are harmful to human health.
“Since January 2022, I have been in a project in which we sought to identify possible areas that are contaminated with arsenic and cyanide, in order to design a filament that can clean water and exterminate these two substances that are so harmful to humans; “he declared. Nuclear physics degree.
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Dr. Gómez Avila stated that his main motivation to carry out this research was to stay in the Argentine region, when he was doing his master’s degree, the artist realized the damage that these toxins can do to people.
“While I was there, I participated in a project in which I was able to notice that the most affected areas of that country were rural areas. In some places the water was contaminated with these harmful substances and when people did not drink it they still used it to wash, so that their skin cancer was evident,” he said.
For this reason, the scientist expressed that he feels full satisfaction, because with this work better living conditions will be given to people who really need it.
Segmentation of lakes and ponds
Another environmental strategy that this scientist uses nuclear technology is based on the segmentation of lakes and ponds, said the researcher.
Through this study, he aims to reconstruct how the processes of sedimentation up to 100 years ago, said the materials science specialist.
In the same way, he said that this information is very important to know at the moment, because it is necessary to create a mother, you need to know what the sedimentation rate is like so that the mother does not suffer for a long time. damage or any destructive phenomenon, explained the professor and researcher of the Faculty of Sciences and Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM).