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Friday, January 27, 2023

Small fish at the forefront of research: agriculture

Mexico, at the forefront of small fish research: agriculture. Photo: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development highlighted work in progress Research to determine biomass population of small pelvis or small fishWhich will allow the creation of sustainable management policies in both countries.

The agency insisted that Fisheries and Oceanography Research Book “Dr. George Carranza Fraserone of the most modern in the world and is equipped with top technologysailed for about 140 days to obtain the distribution and abundance of different species of them marine population on the west coast of Baja California Peninsula and the Gulf of California.

studied in conjunction with Book “Reuben Lasker”From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The ship was at least 160 days old Canada, United States waters and Baja California, the northern region of Mexico, he said.

the agency said Mexico and the United States expertsThrough National Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Inpesca) and the Fisheries Resources Division of the NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center concluded Research which started in Continued in 2021 and 2022.

now they analyze it aggregated data He threw light on the biotic and abiotic characteristics of small pelagics, their prey, food and environment.

In it Northwest Mexican Territorythat covers the coastlines of the states Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Baja California and Baja California Surfisheries are maintained by 12 species of minor pelagics and among them are sardines (monterrey, crinuda, japanese and pineapple), mackerel, bokona, northern anchoveta and charrito.

The expert said that minor pelagics Son Marine fish who live in water middle or near the surfaceIt has a short life cycle, large schools, a cosmopolitan distribution and is characterized by spawning several times in an annual cycle.

These fish, he said, play an important role in the marine ecosystem as they feed on plankton and are in turn eaten by countless others. Species of fish, molluscs, birds and marine mammals.

However, as Vallarta Zarate indicated, they are highly sensitive to environmental variability, for example, to climatic events such as El Niño.

They highlighted that small pelagics often reach first place in terms of volume, reaching between 400 thousand and 700 thousand tons per year in the northwest of our country.


Of that total, he said, about 85 percent is used for the preparationand fish meal and fish oil and is set for 15 percent canned products For domestic consumption and export.

they are nutritional value This is important because it has a high content Antioxidants like Omega 3 and 6, Protein, Vitamins and Calciumwhich are essential for humans, emphasized the expert of the Directorate of Fisheries Research in the Atlantic, headed by Isaac Rojas González.


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