Until 2027, the retirement age in Spain will gradually increase to 67 years. This year the retirement age is 66 years and 6 months or 65 years if you have contributed at least 38 years and 6 months.
There are also exceptions provided by Social Security to advance retirement up to a maximum of four years. However, there are people who doubt whether they can retire at the age of 52.
The answer is that only jobs with extreme, dangerous, toxic or unhealthy conditions, resulting in high rates of illness or death, will qualify for this retirement.
Social Security lists 8 professions that qualify for this early retirement between the ages of 52 and 55, unlike the rest of us.
Workers dedicated to the extraction of minerals may advance their age up to 52 years, but not below this.
Aircraft mechanics, navigators, aerial photography operators, technological media operators, aerial photographers and aerial camera operators are among the professions that can retire at the age of 52.
People who work at sea can lower their retirement age by up to 10 years, which may allow them to retire at age 55,
These workers can also advance their retirement by up to 10 years, potentially retiring at age 55.
Artists, including dancers and trapeze artists, can now retire at age 60 with a 100% pension, provided they have contributed eight years out of the 21 years prior to retirement.
Matadors and rejoneadores can retire at the age of 55, with a requirement for minimum participation in events. Pointilleros can retire at the age of 60.
Local firefighters and police
Authorities, in the service of administrations and public bodies, can access early retirement from the age of 59 or 60, depending on the years of contributions.
The Basque regional police can retire from the age of 60 or from the age of 59 if they can prove 35 years of contribution.
Early retirement with disability
For people with disabilities and who have contributed for 15 years and at least five of them are due to one of these diseases, they can choose early retirement.
Depending on the degree of disability, they can retire early: equal to or more than 45% can retire early at the age of 56 and with a disability equal to or more than 65% can access the retirement pension at the age of 52.