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Friday, December 02, 2022

Spain begins phase of decline in monkeypox transmission

Spain begins phase of decline in monkeypox transmission

Health believes that with the data from recent weeks and, “with the utmost caution, Spain is in the phase of decreasing transmission of monkeypox.” These statements are made after the meeting of Interstate Council of the National Health System, Remember that, according to the latest report, Spain has a total of 6,645 cases, although 17,000 doses of the Invamax vaccine are available to combat the disease outbreak.

The decision of the Public Health Commission, ratified at the end of August at the request of Europe and Madrid community, The first to request that a higher dose for each vial of monkeypox vaccine be taken, aimed at increasing the number of people who can be vaccinated, has been an important step in containing the Spanish outbreak.

As you will recall, the vaccine is now given to people over 18 years of age both as a 0.1 ml dose and intravenously. pre-exposure e.g. post-exposure, eExcept for pregnant and immunosuppressed women, who are given a dose of 0.5 ml by the skin route, as previously performed.

rare viral disease

The first human cases were identified in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970 While most documented cases of MPX have occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of cases has increased in other West and Central African countries over the past decade.

Many African countries in these regions are currently experiencing active outbreaks of MPX. Outside Africa, cases of human MPX infection have been documented in various countries.: 47 cases in the United States in 2003 and one in 2021, four cases in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2018/2019 and three cases in 2021, one case in Israel in 2018 and one in Singapore in 2019.

On 14th May 2022, UK health protection agency (UKHSA) reported the identification of two cases in the UK with no recent travel history and no contact with an imported case reported on 7 May. The UKHSA confirmed a further four cases on 16 May, with no known contact with previous cases, no history of recent travel to endemic areas.

All the cases reported on May 16 were men having sex with men (MSM). Since then, several countries in Europe, including Spain, have also reported confirmed cases or cases under investigation, mostly men who have had relationships with other men. This is the first time that chains of transmission have been reported in Europe with no known epidemiological link to West or Central Africa.

Vaccination

A small group of doctors controversially tested how effectively a pioneering medical procedure protected against smallpox. This includes, take a Virus thought to infect cattle and use it to save people from primo of that pathogen, smallpox, which was completely eradicated in Spain in the 1970s.

The history of smallpox dates back to the 18th century when Lady Montagu, a British writer, observed during her stay in Turkey that Women who milk cows do not get smallpox. Animals were infected with the disease, but a milch variety that, when infected by farmers, made them immune to even the most severe manifestations of the disease.

This woman was the first to conceive needle with pus from smallpox and infected his son with the virus, including the successors of European emperors, but his technique was rejected and his method was not trusted by many doctors in England.

It was in 1796 when Doctor Edward Jenner, a compatriot of Montagu, confirmed the author’s observations on one of the viruses killing more people in the world. Jenner decides to vaccinate James Phipps, an 8 year old boy, his gardener’s son, scrapes the virus from a cow. The little boy had a fever for a few days, but did not develop a serious infection and showed no signs of smallpox.

In Spain, Jenner’s advancement reached the ears of the surgeon Javier de Balmiswho told King Carlos IV about it and organized the call charitable vaccine campaign, which left La Corua for Central America in 1803. Balmis traveled 22 orphan children, which will transport the vaccine through its own vaccination. One of them had been vaccinated against smallpox and after 10 days there was some rash which exuded the so-called vaccine fluid. It was collected and vaccinated in another child. And so the series continued. Although lives were lost on the way, it is estimated that over 500,000 people was immunized directly by balmis campaign and that millions of people saved thanks for the creation to die, Sanitary boards and public vaccination houses in the places he passed.

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