NASA, ESA, JAXA, SpaceX, and any other space agency wishing to colonize Mars as part of a manned mission must consider all the details before embarking on the journey.
A journey to another planet is something that has never happened before, and Mars is the prime candidate for the journey. The conditions are complex, as future astronauts will be faced with environments that differ from how life as we know it evolved and are only possible naturally on Earth.
A study by George Manson University in collaboration with Cornell University is determining the exact number of humans needed to colonize Mars and remain stable on the red planet for decades.
The study emphasizes the exact number of people and the personality they should have, according to the Meteored portal. Yes, everyone must be a scientist in different fields. Engineering, astrophysics, medicine, and plantations are vital to the mission.
Above all else, however, is the psychological question, because in order to face challenges and adversities positively in such complex environments, one must be optimally minded.
But not just to be mentally healthy. The study states that there are three personalities who would find it difficult in the face of adversity on Mars, even if sane, and one in particular would find it easier to solve problems.
Based on the four personalities of psychology: agreeable, social, neurotic, and reactive, agreeable behaviors are the types of behaviors that will maintain stability in a future colony on Mars.
These people are described as “individuals with the lowest levels of competitiveness, low levels of aggressiveness, and no fixation on strict routines,” the above website reported.
They transferred this data to a simulation system in which they exposed the residents to various problems or accidents with the supply of water, food, or electricity. The environments were tested about five times with between 10 and 170 people.
The simulation found that the perfect number to maintain stability is 22 people on Mars. It is the best way to act on the Red Planet for decades without experiencing major problems among the people there.
“The psychological success of teams and individuals in extreme environments can be largely attributed to coping capacity, which we define as the ability of people, organizations, and systems to deal with adverse conditions, risks, or disasters using available skills and resources,” reflected Die’s research work.