The arrest of television presenter Marcelo “Tato” Medina along with 16 others for the crimes of reduction in slavery You abandonment of person for their role in the organization reason to live focus once again on the role of medical community, Popularly known as rehabilitation form in the treatment of people with drug addiction.
So far, medina And the rest of the organization’s members are investigated under criminal classifications of “reduction of slavery, forced labor, illicit relations, usurpation of authority and office, and breach of the duties of a public official.” In the investigation, Court of Guarantee No. 8 of Florencio Varela, in charge of Adrian Villagra, verified that Reason to live is not authorized to function as a community.
How do rehabilitation farms work?
paul galfreyjournalist and writer Journey to the Abyss of Community, a Rehabilitation Farm (Editorial Sudestada, 2017), assures page 12 that, in many cases, referring to “rehabilitation centers” is to “inflate their cost”, and confirms that institutions that working illegally are rather “Secret Detention Center”.
Experts point out that most of these types of communities work behind closed doorsThat is, you cannot leave the boarding school. In addition, hospitalization is often given against their will, and One Requests from relatives or acquaintances of addicts,
In this particular case, reason to live It was presented as an “open-door community” where everyone could come and go as they wanted. ,They say it’s not a place behind closed doors, but kids don’t go out”, explains Gallfrey on this particular point.
origin of communities
Holder of Distinguished Psychologist, Chair of Public Health and Mental Health at the University of Buenos Aires alice stolkiner suggests that the origin of these therapeutic communities was The process of penalizing consumption is associated with, “They arrested a boy because they found marijuana and the judge could send him to prison or rehabilitation. Those were compulsory admissions. The institutions were paid for each internship,” she says, consulted by page 12,
Are all farms operated illegally?
it is important to note that Not all resettlement communities operate illegally, However, in this particular case, the reason for staying with the Association of Argentine NGOs for the Prevention and Treatment of Drug Abuse (FONGA) was not registered.
Former National Deputy and author of National Mental Health Law, Leonardo Gorbazzisays that this regulation “promotes the integration of addiction treatment into the health system, for primary care centers and hospitals to offer treatment and even hospitalization,
However, it clarifies that “with respect to existing equipment, including farms or therapeutic communities, it is proposed that, By the time the integration of the system is achieved, they become compatible with mental health legislation.”, “It implies that they can rely on interdisciplinary teamWorking with other institutions to achieve social inclusion among other variables in the shortest possible time”, he remarked.
human rights violations
Having focused on the legal and regulated process through which a person can be placed under house arrest even against his will and in accordance with the protocol established by the Mental Health Act, gorbazzi Comment that those who work the farm”with the logic of rewards and punishments As a central treatment strategy they are usually committed to Circumstances which may qualify as torture,
For example, the condition of confinement is recorded in the isolation cell. A few months earlier, in late May, German Camafratas, the prosecutor in charge of UFI No. 3 in Pilar, requested the arrest of five defendants for the fire and four deaths in the city-based San Fernando Resilience therapeutic community. of Lonza.
,Victims were given more medicine Due to the amount of cocktails and psychotropic drugs that were supplied to them, they did not even have the possibility to react to the incident,” he assured what happened after Roberto Cipriano GarciaSecretary General of the Provincial Memorial Commission.
“It depends on whether you have the willpower to ask for help. Don’t be afraid. Don’t be fooled. It depends on whether you have the will”, is heard saying to loved ones Medina Terrace In several videos on his social networks where he promotes the reason for living. but, Do voluntary drug use treatments work?
for former deputy gorbazziAlthough “a certain commitment is required, without which recovery is very difficult to achieve”, there is no solution in which the person simply “abstains from substances for a short period of time”.
“The problem with many of these tools is that instead of focusing on achieving that commitment and working on a potential life project with the individual, They focus on withdrawal from the substance and punishment as a form of rehabilitation. And the truth is that the outcomes are poor from a medical point of view, and disastrous from a human rights point of view”, he says.
“I see that in many communities like this, even when recovering, the person’s life is tied to the care of those who are recovering. There are reasons for that. raised a debate about these prolonged detentions in institutions which are much less expensive for the investors and that they are also monovalentmeans to say, of the same characteristic, which serves as the institution of imprisonment”, he adds, for his part, stolkin,
illegal, but public
on this point, gulfrey Highlighting a central point: Although in many cases they operate illegally, “they are very visible.” They are shown on social networks, in local media and, above all, through Hoardings on public roads that point directly to drug users themselves or their families.
Another important aspect to understand is why this type of organization penetrates so deeply into society, and is related to a Relatively inexpensive option for family members of hospitalized personsWhere they are not required to initiate treatment through channels established by law, which is in many cases rendered ineffective, as expressed in the case Philippe Petinatomonths ago.
“Any involuntary hospitalization in mental health must be reported to the competent court and the local review body. This is necessary, because An involuntary hospitalization is a restriction of a fundamental right, and Can be done for medical reasons but under strict control”, explains Gorbaz.
Rehab Farms: Who Wins
For gulfreyThese rehabilitation centers, where the “cures never end”, ultimately benefiting the organizations themselves who “benefits” providing work to the underprivileged In all types of work outside the institutions as in the case of maintenance work in the houses of the directors of the organisations.
To prevent these abuses, the national law provides for the “rights of users of the Services”. receive fair compensation for their work In the case of participating in activities that involve the production of goods, works or services, which are subsequently marketed,” he explains the medium gorbazzi,
,State also benefitsBecause he doesn’t have enough treatment centers, these places somehow fill that gap and pharmaceutical corporationBecause these places give medicine at close range”, says the expert.
Fields and pending debate
“I understand the disappointment of relatives”, they often feel that the person runs a certain or imminent risk, although they are not yet at that point. Part of this relates to the risk of illegality. The circuit in which they must enter for consumption and the lack of quality of what they consume”, he remarked stolkin,
Furthermore, he points out that family members usually request hospitalization. “If I were the mother of a man who is destroying himself, I might ask to be in prison as long as they save his life. But We have to think of another form of reaction“Graphics.
“You have to have a debate that goes beyond the realm of health and” drug war, what killed more people than drugs themselves, You should think about building more intensive outpatient services attention to consumption problems and Support them with community practices of integration”, concludes the expert.