next year brings something Changes That Will Affect Undocumented Immigrants in the United StatesBut it has been postponed for two more years.
By 2023, Real ID will be required to travel through the United StatesWhich will create difficulties for some undocumented immigrants.
Once it launches, you will need to present real ID for trips and certain tasks in the North American region if you don’t have a passport.
With the implementation of Real ID, DHS aims to prevent identity fraud crimes and potential terrorist acts that occur while traveling across the country.
The idea is that they have higher security standards for travel in the North American region than identification documents, such as driver’s licenses.
Once Real ID is in place, all travelers in the US will need one document or another that officially identifies them, such as a valid passport to board a plane traveling within the country.
However, last Monday the Department of State (DHS) reported that which delayed the implementation of the measure for two years until May 2025,
Each state’s traffic safety office will deliver documents to applicants in person while the Transportation Security Administration will verify that they only have real ID or a driver’s license, but not both.
what does this mean? In the case of undocumented immigrants, Not having Real ID in 2025 could mean it’s impossible to board domestic flights or pass through highway checkpoints,
Will Real ID be mandatory for undocumented immigrants in the United States?
DHS will require the use of Real ID for many identity checks, Being similar to a driving license, most of these will relate to travel within the country, but also to access certain places
When must original ID be presented go for:
- travel by plane within the United States, especially with domestic airlines
- Go through checkpoints. TSA agents may ask for Real ID just like at other similar federal facilities.
- Travel on commercial flights regulated by the federal government.
- access to nuclear power plants
If you are under 18 years of age, if any of these acts are performed with an accomplice, it will not be necessary to present it.
The person accompanying the children must have original ID and if they do not have it, passing through places such as checkpoints may result in denial for both.
Will All Immigrants Require Real ID by 2025?
Everyone traveling without a passport will need a REAL ID for both US citizens and immigrants, which is why the situation is so complicated for the undocumented.
In fact, even immigrants with papers are almost obligated to complete certain procedures to obtain one if they plan to begin the asylum or legal permanent residency process.
If you wait to renew your driver’s license and plan to travel across the United States, you can also get a Real ID.
Those who have temporary protected status or who are part of the DACA program can also apply for and receive a Real ID.
What can happen to immigrants in the United States if they do not have this document?
The first difficulty with undocumented immigrants is that everyone born after December 1, 1964, is required to obtain Real ID by the law protecting it.
Although only 34% of driver’s licenses were actually valid in the census two years ago, obtaining a new or outright Real ID requires being a US citizen, having a green card, or being an alien protected by federal programs.
This means that at least 12 million undocumented people in the United States will be denied access to a license or Real ID and will not be able to travel across the country.
Experts point out that people who travel with their foreign passports now, They may stop doing so in May 2025 for fear of scrutiny,
The US administration has not provided information on measures for those who do not have a way to obtain the documents, how they will be able to travel or if it will affect their immigration status.
How do I request Real ID in the United States?
To obtain the document, it is necessary to use the Department of Vehicles and Motor Vehicles (DMV) page in each state, as obtaining the document depends on where the person lives and their immigration status.
In general, you will need to present identification documents, a written signature, two pieces of proof of legal residence in the US, and a Social Security number.
Other documents, such as:
- Consular Report of Birth Outside the US
- Employment authorization issued by USCIS
- green card
For their part, immigrants must show documents such as:
- Proof of pay scale.
- Form SSA-1099, Printed
- Form W-2, printed
- social Security card.
Depending on the state of residence, it will also be necessary to present at least two of these documents:
- Confirmation of change of address, if it has happened.
- Agreement signed by the owner and tenant when living in a rented or leased site
- Tax returns from the IRS or the relevant agencies in the state.
- employment document.
- insurance document.
- documents and medical bills.
- mortgage bill, if any
- Telephone bills and other household services.
- proof of primary residence
- Vehicle registration, land or sea.
- bank records
Will I be able to travel without Real ID?
Although not in all cases, other identification documents may serve as a substitute for real ID as long as they are authorized by the TSA.
Department of Defense IDs, green cards and federal worker credentials will work, as will the DHS Trusted Traveler Card.
They can also be accepted:
- cross border card
- employment authorization card
- merchant marine credential
- VHIC Card (Veterans)
- identification of state-recognized tribal nations or tribes
However, even if border crossing cards are valid to present in lieu of real ID, this does not mean that real ID will allow you to cross the border.
In fact, it’s quite the opposite: Real ID is only used for travel within the United States and cannot be used in Mexico or for other travel outside the country.
Controversy Around Real ID
On the one hand, critics of the Real ID (which was thought of since 2008) point out that using it as a national identity document is a form of invasion of privacy.
However, DHS denies this and states that it is a set of regulations, not a document as such, a way to harmonize identification documents.
However, the truth is that with Real ID they established some measures that may be controversial, such as:
- Provide driver’s license only to foreigners who have legal stay in the country
- Limit movement of people through US territory if passport expires and you don’t have real ID
- leave the uncertified in limbo, who will not be able to obtain the document
- Demand real ID at USCIS, which will force the immigrant through the process of requesting one or presenting a valid passport, if they have one.
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