The escalation of tensions in the Middle East has reached unprecedented heights in recent years against the backdrop of the devastating war in Gaza and the missile exchange in the waters of the Red Sea. . Amidst the confusion, Iran decided to attack a nuclear power on Tuesday in an unprecedented “anti-terrorist” action. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard confirmed that they launched an air offensive against the targets of the Jaish al-Adl group in the Pakistani region of Balochistan, which caused the deaths of two minors, according to complaints from Islamabad.
The Iranian attack was directed against a remote mountainous area that serves as a haven for militants of the Sunni extremist group that claimed responsibility in December for an attack in which 11 Iranian border agents were killed in the town of Rask. . The wider campaign of attacks by the Ayatollah regime has also hit many targets in neighboring Iraq and Syria. Later, in response to the deaths of almost a hundred people in a ceremony held in Kerman on January 3, the largest attack in the history of the Islamic Republic,. Pakistan’s first response was diplomatic.
The government of interim Prime Minister Anwar ul Haq Kakar, present at the Davos Forum, withdrew its ambassador to Tehran on Wednesday, although at the same time it warned of “serious consequences” for violating its sovereignty and “reserves the right of reply.”. Conflicts on both sides of the border are not new but have become a common trend in recent years as a result of the Jaish al-Adl insurgency. Both accused each other of turning a blind eye to their militants.
Who is behind Jaish al-Adl?
Also known as the Army of Justice, Jaish al-Adl is a terrorist group in Iran with a base of operations in Pakistan. Founded in 2012 by the militant Abdolrahim Mullahzadeh, alias Salahuddin Farooqui, the organization seeks independence in the southeastern Iranian province of East Sistan, home to a large community of Sunni Muslims, a Shiite-controlled Islamic minority. Republic, and in the southwest of Baluchistan, from where they denounced the discrimination of the Pakistani State.
Most of its fighters, who live on both sides of the border, are remnants of the Sunni militant group Jundullah, or Soldiers of God, which was disbanded more than a decade ago by Iranian security forces after arrests and executions. by hanging its leader, Abdolmalek Rigi. Jundullah, designated by the United States as a terrorist organization, tried unsuccessfully to attack former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
After Rigi’s death, the group split into several branches. Iran has accused Israel and the United States, and also Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, of financing the most active, making a wide list of attacks against Iranian targets. Jaish al-Adl attacks Shiite security forces, officials, and civilians through ambushes, assassinations, assaults, hit-and-run attacks, kidnappings, and suicide attacks.
The group has an arsenal of small and light weapons and various improvised explosive devices, such as suicide vests and car bombs, according to US intelligence reports. Its fighters use “knock and scatter guerrilla tactics” to attack border posts and transport convoys.
Pakistani authorities insist the group has no organized presence in the province or elsewhere but acknowledge that some militants may be hiding in remote areas of Balochistan, the country’s largest province, which has been scarred by decades of insurgency. insurgency. In this area, rich in oil and natural resources, separatists and nationalists denounce Islamabad’s discrimination.
Iran’s action took place in a particularly dangerous context for Pakistan due to political instability and dire economic conditions. But Jaish al-Adl militants seem to have responded. The group claimed responsibility for Wednesday’s killing of Hossein-Ali Javdanfar, a colonel in the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.