Since 1899, the creation of political parties began, when the government of the North American occupation called municipal elections. Therefore, many local parties emerged, despite the fact that some supporters of independence, such as Máximo Gómez, raised the need to continue the independence movement united and the example of what the Cuban Revolutionary Party once for the unity of the struggle even remembered.
On the other hand, attempts to create workers’ parties, led by the poet and revolutionary Diego Vicente Tejera, during the years of military occupation in North America were unsuccessful. The working class at that time was too small and too weak to support an independent party.
Several parties organized for electoral purposes took part in the municipal elections of 1900, the delegates to the Constituent Assembly that year and the municipal and national elections of 1901, although at that date they joined national coalitions. .
During the first republican government, led by Tomás Estrada Palma, the Liberal Party was founded in 1903, (which was restructured in 1905) and the Moderate Party (founded in 1905), which, after the fraudulent re-election of Estrada Palma, and with the rise in arms of the followers of the Liberal Party, the second North American intervention took place between the years 1906 and 1909). This led to the birth of the Conservative Party in 1907.
These two parties, influenced by figures mainly from the independence movement, monopolized the struggles for political power in the early years of the 20th century.