We all know that Spain has a birth rate problem. we have decades birth rate below replacement And every year that passes we give minimum marks in births. It’s been a few years (since 2016) that deaths outnumber deaths.
However, the situation is not much different in neighboring (and some distant) countries. we are headed for a population accident phenomenal and he may be behind some economic changes we will see in the future,
As much as we try to embellish the figures, the reality is that we are going to see a decrease in the general population. The trend is clear: We’ve reached the summit and from here we go down, The median of the predictions says that if we are now about 47 million residents, in 2100 we will be around 30.
This means that from now on we are increasingly less interesting markets for companies, A shrinking market and a country that will find it difficult to increase its GDP, because to achieve this, productivity must grow faster than the rate at which population declines.
and they change at the same time Pensions become a problem for public accountsSo public powers would be more focused on protecting the individual economy of a large group of voters than on the economic problems that could arise from this situation.
other countries that have this complicated
Spain is not the only country in this situation. For example, Italy reached a peak a few years ago And its population is already declining. And it will be more pronounced, because now it has 60 million inhabitants and in 2100 it will be practically equal to Spain.
Another example of a population defeat is China, which is seeing one child policy What was transplanted 50 years ago is now wreaking havoc. And that includes recent prosperity, which without political pressure lowers their natural rates even further.
We can also see that the phenomenon is not the only European or countries that have implemented Crazy Birth Control Policies, Korea, a prosperous Asian country, also has a tendency that speaks for itself.
And you only have to look at the map of Europe to see that many countries are going to have the same situation as Spain. dwindling populationSomething that has never been seen continuously in history.
Burning Countries (Partly)
There are few developed countries that manage to maintain a decent birth rate, not keeping up with population growth, but to at least stagnant. Three examples are the UK, France and the US.,
These are countries where birth incentives work somewhat better than the rest of the world. and where immigration manages to compensate somewhat for the decline in birth rates, because Neither of these countries manage to have a birth rate higher than 2, far from,
Where will companies invest?
it is population accident This will have a big impact in the times to come. First, because without population growth there is no economic development. There is nothing better than going to old areas, almost abandoned towns or neighborhoods where there are young people and children. Where exactly are the job opportunities and is the economy vibrating? Well, the future of Spain and other countries is more akin to an “empty Spain” than a young neighborhood,
But it is also that this collapse of the population will bring other consequences. Where will companies invest? In areas where the population disappears and workers are hard to find or in areas where the population remains minimal? The answer is clear.
In fact, one of the current reasons for the shortage of qualified workers in some areas is that population reductions are already being observed in certain age groups. And this is the future that awaits us,