The population of Egypt surpassed 106 million people on Tuesday and grew by one million in the last eight months. Although these figures show a decrease in the average daily birth rate, the Egyptian Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) reported this Thursday.
Egypt reached 105 million inhabitants on June 3, 2023, and 250 days later (eight months and ten days), it grew a million more to bring the population to the current figure, the data that, according to CAPMAS, represents a slight decrease in the birth rate because the Arab country took five days less, 245 days, to reach the 105 million mark and 221 days for the previous million.
According to CAPMAS, the decrease in the number of births in the last five years reflects the policies of the government to meet the growth of the population. It is also reflected in the decline in the fertility rate, which went from 3.5 births per woman in 2014 to 2.85 in 2021 and 2.76 in 2022.
However, despite this decline, more than two million children are born in Egypt every year, and the country’s population is expected to reach 117 million by 2030. and 157 million in 2050 if the current fertility rate is maintained, according to CAPMAS estimates.
The president of Egypt, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, has stated on several occasions that overpopulation is one of the main problems facing the country, snow has plunged into a severe economic crisis, and uncontrolled growth can have devastating effects on economic, social, and environmental sectors.
In order to maintain services at their current level, Egypt must maintain an annual population growth of 400,000 people per year for the next 20 years.
In an attempt to contain demographic growth and economic and social stability and development, Egypt launched last September the National Population and Development Strategy (2023–2030), which includes programs to improve reproductive health, empower women, invest in youth, and improve educational opportunities.