Days before President Javier Milei will visit Pope Francis in the Vatican, a group of LLA deputies presented a project to repeal the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Law, which was authorized three years ago by Congress. But the initiative is still ongoing and seeks to change the Penal Code regarding legal abortion that has existed in the country since 1921 by removing that right from girls, women, and people who have the capacity to give birth facing forced pregnancy as a result of rape or sexual abuse. It allows abortion only when there is “imminent danger” to the woman’s life, placing Argentina among the countries with the strictest laws. In addition, it increases prison sentences for those who undergo voluntary abortions and for those who perform them, and it repeals current penalties for public officials who obstruct the practices.
The initiative was presented on Monday but revealed this Wednesday night, one day after the official defeat of the approval of the Omnibus Law and its return to the commission to start treatment again. Shortly after they met, a flyer from the National Abortion Rights Campaign began circulating on social media: “When they blow hard, they make waves. We know how to fix it. Not a step back. This is the law.” The text accompanies an image of the Casa Rosada surrounded by green curving waves. “This is a demonstration of the stunning desperation to put women’s rights on the negotiation table after the possibility of privatization has disappeared. We will fight every fight, and this project, like the Omnibus Law, will not go out either. We that feminisms will not allow this,” the lawyer and head of the Tucumán NGO Mujeres x Mujeres, Soledad Deza, told Página 12, which achieved the acquittal of the young woman known as Belén, imprisoned and convicted of that province after facing a spontaneous abortion. .
The project, signed only by pro-government lawmakers, also removes inclusive language from the current wording and the number of a surrogate that includes trans men as subjects of the law who may need an abortion. . No representative from the other party supported the initiative.
It was presented by Rocío Belén Bonacci, 27 years old, chosen by Santa Fe, a young woman who during the campaign said that politics “is not something I want” and described herself as “the voice of the young-ong worker” that “no one cares.” give nothing away” and said that he is a podiatrist but before taking office he worked as a manicurist, between 8 and 12 hours a day. With him in his signature is the president of the libertarian caucus, Oscar Zago, along with Beltrán Benedit, María Fernanda Araujo, Lilia Lemoine, and Manuel Quintar.
“We understand that this law is unconstitutional, against the general sentiment of the Argentine people, and that it does not take into account human dignity, which is why it is necessary to promote its repeal,” they pointed out in the foundations of the initiative.
The first article repeals Law 27,610 on the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (IVE), which decriminalizes and legalizes abortion in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy and beyond that time when the woman’s life or health is in danger and in the case of sexual abuse and rape.
The second article modifies Article 85 of the Penal Code and increases prison sentences, which currently range from 3 months to one year, from one to four years, for any reason of abortion with the woman’s consent. “The maximum penalty shall be raised to six (6) years if the event is followed by the death of the woman.”
The third article repeals article 85 bis of the Penal Code, which establishes “a prison sentence of three months to one year and special disqualification of twice the length of the sentence, the public official or the authority of the health establishment, professional, provider, or health staff that unreasonably delays, blocks, or refuses, in violation of current regulations, to perform an abortion in cases that are legally authorized.
The fourth article extensively modifies Article 86 of the Penal Code, which limits abortion permits beyond what was voted in 1921 in the country, by removing the non-punishment of cases where the pregnancy results from sexual intercourse. abuse or rape. In other words, it promotes torture by forcing girls and women facing forced pregnancies to carry them to term without the possibility of terminating them within the framework of the law. Only “to avoid an imminent danger to the life of the mother will not be punished, as long as the danger cannot be avoided in another way,” says the libertarian project.
The fifth and final article modifies Article 88 of the Penal Code, which increases the penalties for those who commit abortions. Currently, 1 to 3 months if the practice is carried out beyond 14 weeks and outside of the reasons set forth in Article 86. The reform proposal of the LLA writes it this way: “It can be prevented by the imprisonment of one (1) to three (3) years for the woman who causes her own abortion or agrees with another person to cause it. A woman’s temptation is not punished. The judge may rule that the woman cannot be sentenced based on the reasons that motivated her to commit the crime, her subsequent behavior, and the nature of the truth.”