Because of the challenges that arise regarding potential of artificial intelligence to cause harm to society such as fraud, discrimination and misinformation, issued by the United States Government new policies and principles around the IA. The executive order, issued by Biden, requires departments, agencies and executives to adhere to various standards. All this has a goal The US is leading the way in risk management around AI.
These new standards are based on eight guiding principles and priorities. Between it stands privacy protection to Americans, promote equal rightsas well as innovation and competitiveness in the United States.
According to The Verge, the executive order primarily focuses on building the AI-generated content watermarks as a mandatory requirement. Although the media considered this step as a good initiative, they continued, based on expert opinions, the Watermarks can be unreliable.
To argue this statement, The Verge refers to a study by Google, in which they describe that high perturbation methods are not immune to severe manipulations. These methods consist of embed digital watermarks in pixels and metadata on AI-generated content. However, this coding can be broken and changed.
Similarly, the order requests the Department of Commerce create standards for identifying and tracking synthetic web content. An example of this is the transparency icon created by Adobe. This icon allows when you place the cursor on said icon, information about how and with what tool the image is created.
The guiding axis of these patterns is promote innovation, competition and collaboration to open up the potential of the technology and solving the challenges associated with the use of AI. Instead, it promotes responsible use of technology to support American workers. Likewise, the policies seek to strengthen equity and civil rights and protect the interests of the American people.
On the other hand, they established the obligation of the federal government to managing risks from the use of AI and guiding efforts to protect the privacy and civil liberties of the population. Finally, the eighth principle establishes the responsibility of the United States government to lead the way economically and technologically toward social progress.