November 1 marks a turning point in military history USA: an intercontinental ballistic missile Minuteman III It broke down mid-flight due to unspecified anomalies. This incident casts doubt on the effectiveness of the US nuclear deterrent, a strategy that has been in place pillar of US national security and foreign policy. more than eleven decades.
The United States has 400 Minuteman missiles III, a key part of its nuclear triad, which also includes submarines Ohio class armed with missiles Trident and bombers B-52 and B-2. Despite its updates, the Minuteman III, In service since 1970, it shows signs of obsolescence.
The situation with the scheduled replacement is complicated Minuteman III for the new Sentinel intercontinental ballistic missile, planned for the next decade. This change is occurring in a context where adversaries such as Russia are modernizing and expanding their nuclear arsenal, challenging US nuclear supremacy.
A striking counterpoint is the new mechanical failure in one British submarine Vanguard, which carries missiles Trident II. This incident, along with the failed launch of a Trident II missile in 2017, exposed the weaknesses of the UK’s nuclear deterrent force.
Russia, on the other hand, has successfully tested modern missiles such as Bulava and Yars, and developing new technologies such as the Burevestnik cruise missile nuclear power. These developments put the pressure on USA and UK to modernize their nuclear arsenals.
The absence of an effective arms control framework exacerbates the situation. Russia’s suspension of the New START treaty, which limits the nuclear arsenals of both countries, opens the door to a potential arms race.
Arms control treaties have historically been complex, often known for Russia as attempts at EU to maintain its nuclear dominance. With the expiration of New START in 2026, Russia can improve its programs unfettered nuclear modernization, challenging the position of USA and UK.
This scenario will leave EU faced with a dilemma: invest huge sums to achieve nuclear parity or Negotiating from a position of disadvantage. The time of America’s unchallenged nuclear supremacy appears to be over, and the inability to adapt to this new reality could trigger an arms race with unpredictable consequences for global stability.