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Monday, October 3, 2022

These are side effects of prednisone and other corticosteroids.

Corticosteroids (including prednisolone, hydrocortisone, betamethasone, and beclomethasone) are a group of drugs used to reduce inflammation and overall activity of the body’s immune system. As such, they are commonly used to treat health problems such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or to treat more severe allergic reactions.

However, as with any drug, they are not exempt from possible adverse side effects which in this particular case may even be somewhat serious (even though it should be noted that the frequency of occurrence is usually very low and that they are considered safe drugs, the benefits of which outweigh their risks).

Adverse reactions of corticosteroids

Some of the major side effects common to all corticosteroids, especially when oral administrationinclude:

  • Fluid retention, which is usually manifested by swelling of the lower extremities.
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Mood changes, memory or behavior problems, confusion or delirium.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Weight gain with deposition of fat on the abdomen, face and back of the neck.

BUT long-termothers may appear, such as:

  • Increased pressure in the eyes (glaucoma).
  • Waterfalls.
  • A rounder face (full moon face).
  • Hyperglycemia, which can trigger or exacerbate diabetes.
  • Increased risk of infection, especially from common bacterial, viral and fungal microorganisms.
  • Thinning of the bones (osteoporosis) with an increased risk of fractures.
  • Inhibition of the production of hormones by the adrenal glands with all the accompanying symptoms.
  • Thin skin, bruising and healing problems.

In particular, when administered by inhalation, side effects such as oral candidiasis (fungal infection in the mouth) or hoarseness.

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On the other hand, using topical corticosteroids this can cause thinning of the skin and the appearance of pimples and red lesions.

Finally, corticosteroid injections they can cause some signs such as thinning of the skin near the injection site, discoloration of the same area, severe pain, facial flushing, insomnia, and hyperglycemia.

How to Use Corticosteroids Safely

All these effects highlight the importance of using corticosteroids. instructions from the prescribing physicianto maximize benefits and minimize risks.

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If, despite this, we experience adverse symptoms associated with the use of these drugs, it may be appropriate consult a doctor options such as dose or frequency reduction, use of non-oral formulations, or calcium and vitamin D supplementation (especially with long-term corticosteroids).

World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Deskhttps://worldnationnews.com/
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