After the death of Queen Isabel IInew emperor Carlos III will be crowned this May 6, His name joins the long list of kings who have ruled India United Kingdom Since its formation in 1707.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, an information platform in that country, Wales formally joined England through the Acts of Union of 1536 and 1542; Whereas Scotland joined both in 1707. United Kingdom from Great Britain.
Later, Ireland joined in 1800 through the Act of Union, although with independence in 1922 only six of the nine counties (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Derry and Tyrone) remained part of the United Kingdom, as did Northern Ireland, Britannica Explains.
Currently, the UK has a constitutional monarchy as a form of government. In other words, the sovereign is the head of state, but the ability to make and approve laws rests with an elected parliament, he explains. royal britain Official website of the British Royal Family.
“Although The sovereign no longer has any political or executive rolecontinues to play an important role in the life of the nation”, acknowledges the royal site.
since 1707 Since the formation of the United Kingdom, as of 2023, with the coronation of Carlos III, these have been its kings and queens:
He was born in 1665 as a result of the union of James VII and Anne Hyde. Anne married Prince George of Denmark at the age of 18. inherited the throne in 1702 and went down in history as, among other reasons, being the last Stuart monarch, marking the site of the royal family.
Although she was pregnant 18 times, only five children were born alive and only one of these survived infancy, though she died in 1700. Given this, the Encyclopædia Britannica indicates, Anna consented to the Act of Establishment of 1701, which specified as heir apparent the descendants of King James I of England.
George I (1660–1727), born in Hanover (Germany), succeeded Anne after her death. According to the Taj’s website, George I spoke German and French and a little English. This situation, and the fact that he was not familiar with the customs of the country, produced king’s dependence on his ministersSo that he dominated the Parliament during his reign.
George II ruled between 1727 and 1760, He was the last British monarch to fight with his troops at the Battle of Dettingen against the French in Germany in 1743. Although at first his figure was unpopular, he gained the respect of the people as the country prospered and the reign became longer.
as set forth royal britainThe king’s eldest son, Frederick, died in 1751. Therefore, George III, grandson of George II, inherits the throne In 1760.
George III was born in 1738, succeeded to the throne on his father’s death in 1751, and crowned in 1760, He was the third Hanoverian monarch and the first to be born in England and to use English as first language.
George III is regarded as one of the most cultured monarchs: started a book collection and opened his library to scholars; Established and paid the initial cost of Royal Academy of Arts, He was the first king to study science as part of his education; He had his own astronomical observatory and was interested in agriculture.
She died at Windsor Castle on January 29, 1820, after a reign of nearly 60 years, the third longest reign in British history. His son, George IV, who had been Prince Regent since 1811 due to failing health, became king.
Although became regent in 1811 As a result of his father’s illness, George IV acceded to the throne in January 1820 and ruled until 1830. Although extravagant, George IV was a great collector of works of art; He also built the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and transformed Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace, the royal website says.
His only daughter died childless, so the throne passed to his next brother William, Duke of Clarence.