(CNN Spanish) — This Wednesday, the 118th Congress of the United States took office in November 2022 following midterm elections that gave Democrats a slight lead in the Senate and Republicans a slight majority in the House of Representatives.
The new Congress will begin work this 2023 and conclude in January 2025, right at the end of President Joe Biden’s term, which expires in 2024.
This is what the US Congress will look like for the 2023-2025 cycle.
Democrats lead the Senate
Democrats have control of the Senate, winning 51 seats in a close midterm election. Republicans have 49 seats.
A runoff was needed in Georgia, pitting Democratic Sen. Raphael Warnock against Republican challenger Herschel Walker, after preliminary results in mid-November won a tie of 50 seats. In the end Warnock won the election giving the Democrats a very narrow victory.
The only change of color that the Democrats achieved in the Senate
Only one Senate seat switched parties in the midterms. It happened in Pennsylvania, where Democratic lieutenant governor John Fetterman, who campaigned in May while recovering from a stroke, defeated Republican Mehmet Oz, the celebrity doctor endorsed by former President Donald Trump. Futterman is one of 51 Democratic senators running for this new term.
Republicans will lead the House of Representatives
Republicans were left with control of the House of Representatives with 222 seats, compared to 213 for the Democrats. An expected “Red Tide” did not occur, but they got the most in this chamber. In the last Congress, which was elected in 2021, Democrats won as many as 222 seats. 211 from Republicans.
A special election would be necessary in Virginia
Representative Donald McEachin, D-Va., died Nov. 28, after winning another term earlier in the month. His position will become vacant when the new Congress begins in 2023, and a special election will be held to fill the position.
record number of women
A record number of women will serve in both the United States House and Senate for the 118th Congress set to convene this January 3rd. But this figure is just two numbers more than the current Congress.
The 149 women serving in the 118th US Congress will expand the ranks of female representation by just two members, more than the record set by the current Congress.
Women will break an overall record in the House, with 124 of them taking office on January 3.
Also, a record number of black and Latina women will also participate in this Congress. There will be four more Latinas in the House for a total of 18, the most in US legislative history, and one more black woman, bringing the total from 26 to 27.
More than half of the 22 women congresswomen entering the House for the first time are women of color, reflecting the growing diversity of that chamber.
Republican Katie Britt will be elected Alabama’s first female senator, CNN projects, winning an open race to succeed her former boss, retired Republican Sen. Richard Shelby.
Democrat Summer Lee will be the first black woman elected to Congress from Pennsylvania, CNN projects, after winning the race for the state’s 12th Congressional District.
Record numbers of Hispanics arrive in Congress
The Congress, which begins in 2023, will have the largest number of Latino delegates in history.
Six senators of Latino descent who have ever been elected remain in the US Senate: Republicans Marco Rubio (Florida) and Ted Cruz (Texas), as well as Democrats Catherine Cortez Masto (Nevada), Alex Padilla (California), Ben Ray (National Association of Lujan (New Mexico) and Robert Menendez (New Jersey), according to Latino Elected and Appointed Officials, NALEO.
For the House of Representatives, according to NALEO, the number of congressmen of Latino descent is set to increase from 38 in the previous Congress to 47 by 2023.
There will be 35 Latino Democrats and 12 Republicans in office for this Congress. According to NALEO, 28 Democrats and 10 Republicans of Latino descent were elected to the 117th Congress.
The number of Latinos elected to the US House of Representatives increased by 4: 18 in 2023 vs. 18. 14 in 2019.
The 2022 election also included electing the first Latinas to represent Colorado, Illinois, and Oregon in Congress.
Democrat Alex Padilla will be the first Latino senator elected from California, winning a special election for the remainder of Kamala Harris’ term, as well as a full six-year term. Padilla, the son of Mexican immigrant parents, was hired by California Gov. Gavin Newsom to fill the position vacated when Harris became vice president.
Democrat Robert Garcia was elected as the first LGBTQ immigrant to Congress.
First Congressman of Generation Z
Democrat Maxwell Alejandro Frost, a 25-year-old community leader, was elected to Congress, becoming the first member of Generation Z to hold a seat. He is also the first black man of Cuban descent elected to Congress.
In 2023, many veteran Congressmen will say goodbye to the Congress.
Democratic Leader Steny Hoyer, 83, as well as former House Speakers Nancy Pelosi and Jim Clyburn, both 82, represent a generational change for the Democratic Party in the House.
House Democrats selected Hakeem Jeffries, 52, the current Democratic caucus chair from New York, to replace Pelosi as the top Democrat in the House of Representatives. Massachusetts Rep. Katherine Clark, 59, will serve as minority leader, and California Rep. Peter Aguilar, 43, will lead the caucus. All of them are a generation younger than their predecessors.
However, the presence of octogenarians is still expected in the coming Congress. Clyburn will take on a slightly downgraded leadership role as assistant to the leader (the party’s No. 4 job), while Pelosi was recently named “spokesman emeritus.” Hoyer said he intends to continue advising new Democratic leaders.
— Ethan Cohen, Liz Stark, Adam Levy, Jenny Bauschma, Simone Pathé, Maeve Reston, Renee Rigdon, Gregory Craig, Daniela Diaz Sam Fossum and Jack Forrest Day CNN information.