People over 65 years make up andl 20.27% of the current Navarrese populationa percentage above the national average (19.97%).
The Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) presented the report on Tuesday A profile of the elderly in Spain 2023which analyzes demographic, health, economic and social variables, along with the changes experienced in aging and the living conditions of the elderly.
In Spain, one of the countries with the highest life expectancy, the elderly have increased and also the average age of the population (44.2 years, according to INE).
The report highlights that about ten million people over the age of 65 live in Spain with an average pension of 1,375 eurosa value slightly lower than that believed in Aragon, in a society marked by an increase in life expectancy that The number of octogenarians and centenarians has increased, which are mostly women.
Octogenarians are already 6% and growing
According to the Continuous Register (INE) on January 1, 2022, there are 9,479,010 elderly people, 19.97% of the total population. Women are the majority, surpassing men by 30.5%.
Octogenarians already represent 6% of the entire population and will continue to gain weight in a more pronounced overaging process: there is an increase in the proportion of the elderly among the elderly, research highlights. The number of centenarians is increasing: there are 19,639 registered (1,619 more people than last year).
CSIC shows that the projectionss in 2040 suggests that there may be more than 14.2 million elderly, 27.4% of the population of Spainwhich will reach 52 million inhabitants (4.5 million more than today).
Spain, the fourth EU country with the highest number of elderly people
The investigation showed that Social Security counted 10 million pension in May; retirement pension (6.34 million) is the most frequent, followed by widow’s pensions.
The average retirement pension is 1,375 euros. Basque Country, Asturias, Madrid and Navarre they have higher retirement pension; Extremadura, Galicia, Murcia and Andalusia, the lowest.
About one million elderly people (1,015,588) live in cities like Madrid and Barcelona, of which, in 5,866 rural towns there are 762,446 people over the age of 65; however the proportion of elderly is higher in the rural world (28.4%).
Spain is the fourth EU country with the highest number of elderly people in absolute terms, with 9.5 million; However, in relative numbers, the oldest countries are Italy (23.8%), Portugal (23.7%), Finland (23%), Greece (22.7%), Croatia (22.5%) and Germany (22.2% ).
With 20.1% of the elderly, Spain is slightly below the EU-27 average of 21.1%.
Regarding foreigners living in the country over 65 years of age, those from the United Kingdom are the most (107,270 people).
More life expectancy, but more loneliness
The demographer of the Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography (IEGDCSIC) and coordinator of this report, Julio Pérez Díazexplained that “the Life expectancy “It is one of the indicators that best reflects the health, social and economic conditions of a country.”
Work shows how the gender gap has widened In the last century, women in Spain had a life expectancy at birth of 85.83 years and men 80.27 years (83 in total).
Life expectancy at age 65 in Spain remains one of the highest in the world. Despite the fact that in 2020 it fell to 1.25 years compared to 2019 due to the pandemic, “life expectancy has increased significantly in the 20th century and the general trend is to continue that process,” emphasized by the sociologist. “Most people live to old age.”
For the scientist, it is “unusual” better survival in old age produced since the eighties.
If you measure the percentage of time spent living in good health From the age of 65, a difference is seen between men and women: for men, 55.7% of the remaining life time (10.7 years) is in good conditions, while it decreases to 43.8% (10.3 years) in the case. of women.
More than half of everything hospitalization They are adults; From the Statistics of deaths by cause of death it is clear that the mortality rate Men outnumber women at all ages and, among those over 65, diseases of the circulatory system continue to be the leading disease.
In Spain there are about 638,000 people who care for dependents over 70 years old inside the home and 920,000 who do it outside the home, and they are mostly women and between 50 and 59 years old.
Elderly people spend more time caring for: More than two-thirds spend more than an hour per day caring for another person. “It reveals the important contribution of the elderly to society“They care for others, help financially, provide emotional support or advice,” the study explained.
Researchers warn that during old age, and at an old age, the probability of being alone increases and the percentage of people who say they are happy always or most of the time decreased, especially among women.
Dominating the widowhoodas marital status, among women aged 77 and older.
In general, more than 1.7 million people over 70 years of age in Spain live alone and are the ones registering the lowest level of happiness.
More than 5,500 residences with 86% occupancy
It is estimated that there are 5,573 dwellings, with 393,581 places, which is equivalent to 4.2 places per 100 seniors; Its occupancy level is around 86%.
According to the analysis of the Networked Aging and Experimental Statistics Laboratory of the aforementioned institute, the number of centers will grow “very little” compared to 2020, but there will be a “remarkable change in size”, since those with more of 100 places increases to the detriment of those with less than 25 seats.
There are 10,000 more places and 52% are in major centers. Madrid stands out as the community that has increased them the most, with about 2,548; followed by Galicia, with 1,219, and Catalonia, with 824.
Privately owned centers continue to be more than twice as many as public centersbut the audience increased.
Regarding day centers, there are 3,463 with 94,618 places; This day care is provided in units with less than 25 places (1,768 centers), with less than 49 places (1,313 centers) and only 32 with more than 100 place; 57.9% of day care centers are private.