On October 22, 1964, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Department of Defense detonated a 5.3-kiloton device called Salmon 826 meters deep inside the dome. Nearby residents were evacuated and compensated for their inconvenience at $10 per adult and $5 per child. The eruption of salmon recorded a 6.0 on the Richter scale and was found as far away as Sweden; Its shock wave lifted the ground 25 cm and opened a cavity inside the salt dome. Two years later, a small nuclear device, Stirling, was detonated at the same location, and this time, the cavity created by the first explosion suppressed the explosion, indicating that the nuclear powers were trying to hide the evidence by detonating the nuclear devices. can do. Underground Caves.
Hundreds of nearby Mississippi residents reported damage to their homes and property, particularly by salmon, from the explosion. “Wells all over the world are uprooted,” Purvis resident Tom Beshears recalled in a 2014 interview. Public concern about health problems was probably related to the tests. In 2000, the US government installed a pipeline to carry clean water away from the site so that people would not have to rely on water from local wells, and in 2015, the federal government allowed workers to work on or near the site. was paid $16.8 million in agreements. Test site.
what does the future hold?
Since 1992, nine nuclear countries have respected large-scale test moratoriums. (North Korea remains the exception, having conducted six tests since 2006; India and Pakistan tested nuclear weapons in 1998.) To date, 186 countries have signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which prohibits any nuclear explosion. prohibits. The United States has not yet ratified it; Russia did it in 2000.
The entire US nuclear arsenal is reviewed annually, primarily through “subcritical” tests (explosions that do not produce a nuclear chain reaction but test weapon components) and computer simulations. The stockpile management program has “worked incredibly well,” says Robert Rosner, former chief scientist and director of the Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory.
However, the possibility that any part of the current testing program will fail, or that a future US administration will resume full testing for political or military reasons, causes concern in testing communities.
“When you talk about reinventing the testing program, I want to know: Who’s going to accept that in their yard?” Tina Cordova, a waste worker, cancer survivor and fifth-generation resident of Tularosa, New Mexico, says. ), about 65 kilometers from the Trinity test center. Several generations of her family have suffered from cancer and test-related health problems, she says.
“No trial is without risks and dangers, and someone will have to face the consequences,” he says. “I only ask: are you willing to risk your future and that of your family?”