In almanac of 13 december These events are typical of what happened on a day like today in Argentina and around the world:
1828. Laval shoots Dorrego
Manuel Dorrego executed by order of Juan Lavalle after the defeat at the Battle of Navarro, On 1 December, Lavalle led a coup against the then governor of Buenos Aires. The Confederate leaders set out to confront Laval at Navarro, where they were defeated and taken prisoner. Instigated by Florencio Varela and Salvador María del Carril, Lavalle ordered Dorrego’s death, one of the most painful events of the Civil Wars.
1895. The symphony premiered Resurrection Mahler
Berlin premiere of Gustav Mahler’s Second Symphony. title Resurrection, It is one of the great symphonic-choral works after Beethoven’s Ninth., In fact, Mahler had premiered the first three movements in March, which do not contain the chorus, making the December presentation the first performance of the complete work.
1907. Oil in Argentina
The first oil discovery is made in Argentina, more precisely in Comodoro Rivadavia in the province of Chubut., The team led by Jose Fuchs found crude oil at a depth of 540 metres. The milestone marked the beginning of the hydrocarbon policy that would lead to the construction of the Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales in 1922.
1939. Battle of the Rio de la Plata
Battle of the River Plate, At the entrance to the world’s widest river, the first naval battle of World War II took place, and the only one in South America during the conflict. pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee encounters three British ships: the ExeterThe Achilles And this ajax, After the battle, and with severe damage, the German ship docked in Montevideo. English pressure forced him to set sail again. Captain Hans Langsdorff capsized, ordered the crew to board another ship, and blew up the ship graph spyAfter which he committed suicide in Buenos Aires. The crew were hospitalized in Argentina and many of them settled in the country,
1983. Alphonsine decree 158
72 hours after the restoration of democracy in Argentina, President Raúl Alfonsin signs Decree 158, which prosecutes members of the first three military junta of the recently ended dictatorship, This is the beginning of the path towards testing commanders in 1985. In return, Alfonsin announced the repeal of the Self-Amnesty Law. He also signs Decree 157, prosecuting the leaders of the Montoneros guerrillas and ERP.
1986 River wins the Intercontinental
River crown one of the best years in its history with Intercontinental Cup victory, In Tokyo, a goal from Antonio Alzamendi set up a victory against Steaua Bucharest of Romania. The Argentine team won the 1985/86 tournament and then the elusive Copa Libertadores.
2010. Farewell to Enrique Morante
The day before I turn 68, singer enrique morante Does not oppose the operation for esophageal cancer and dies in Madrid, He was born in Granada and was one of the most important renovators of flamenco.