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Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Travel agencies and bookmakers, the activities with the highest absenteeism of their employees

In Spain there are no official statistics that measure the degree of absenteeism of workers. Although there are different ways to approach this situation, one of them is the formula used by the Adecco Group Institute, which reflects that the absenteeism rate in the Spanish labor market in the fourth quarter of 2021 was 6.6%, the same as in the previous quarter and just three tenths less than in the same quarter of the previous year.

How does the study service of this multinational measure the rate of absenteeism? To begin with, it extracts the average monthly hours that each employee works from the Quarterly Labor Cost Survey published by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) that affects an aggregate of industry, construction and services. The disaggregated information on working time allows the effective monthly agreed hours (in collective agreements) to be subsequently calculated, to which overtime is added. From this total of hours worked are subtracted those that have not been worked for reasons of vacations and holidays and for being in a temporary employment regulation file (ERTE). The result is the effective agreed hours.

But, in addition to these two reasons for not working hours, there are many others that make up absenteeism, according to this methodology. The main reason for absenteeism, by number of hours not worked, is temporary disability (medical leave due to professional or common contingencies) but there are other occasional reasons such as hours not worked due to maternity and adoption, paid leave or strikes. And, of course, this definition of absenteeism would also include unjustified absences that are not, however, the main ones in the formulation of the general rate. For this reason, from Adecco they warn of the “error that involves equating absenteeism with unjustified sick leave.”

According to all this, the 6.6% rate of absenteeism mentioned above would be reached by dividing the hours lost due to absenteeism (temporary disability, paid leave, strikes and unjustified absences) by the total hours agreed upon. By making this division by sectors or communities, an approximate picture of absenteeism in Spain is obtained, according to the exhaustive report published yesterday by this multinational. Proof that sick leave is the main cause of absence from work is that this reason alone represents an absenteeism rate of 4.9%. Despite the sharp drop in the incidence of Covid-19 in the workforce, the rate of absence due to temporary disability is identical to that of the previous quarter and only four tenths lower than that of a year earlier.

By sector, this work shows that travel agencies and tour operators –which coincide with the activity that has least recovered from the pandemic– have the highest rate of general absenteeism, which rises to 17.3%, more ten points higher than the national average. In this case, absenteeism due to temporary disability alone would be almost 14% and the rest up to 17.3% due to the other occasional causes mentioned above. The second sector with the highest rate of absenteeism is betting houses, with a 12.1% general rate and a 7.9% rate of sick leave due to temporary disability.

But the data on accommodation services (hotels) are particularly noteworthy, where the weight of sick leave is not so great (with an absenteeism rate for this reason of 5.2%, while its general rate is almost double (9.6%), which means that absences in this sector are more generated by reasons other than medical The opposite example is workers in the health area, with the third highest rate of general absenteeism (9, 8%) is only two points higher than the rate of absences for medical reasons, so the vast majority of absences from work for this group of workers are due to sick leave due to temporary disability.

Air transport (9.8%) complete the list of the most absentee activities; the tobacco industry (8.8%); vehicle manufacturing (8.8%); assistance in non-residential establishments (8.7%); services to buildings and gardening activities (8.7%); and collection, treatment and disposal of waste (8.6%), among others.

On the opposite side, the branches of activity that present the lowest absenteeism rates are those related to cinema and video (2.5%), telecommunications (3.1%), information services (3.3 %); and veterinary activities (3.4%).

The territorial analysis points to Asturias and Navarra as the communities with the highest rates of absenteeism, with 7.8% and 7.6% respectively. While Extremadura (with 6.2%) and Andalusia (6.2%) have the lowest rates in the country.

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