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Tuesday, December 7, 2021

UN investigation finds an increase in fighting and war crimes in the 10 years of the Syrian conflict

Geneva-A UN investigative agency discovered what it calls a surge in fighting and violence ten years after the Syrian civil war, some of which constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity. The report of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria will be submitted to the UN Human Rights Council.

Five months after the outbreak of the civil war, the organization began investigating Syria’s alleged violations of international human rights law in August 2011. The three-person team now says that the situation in Syria looks increasingly bleak.

According to reports, fighting and violence have intensified in the northwest, northeast and south of the country in recent months. According to reports, it is difficult for civilians to find refuge in this war-torn country.

On March 15, 2018, Hanny Megally, a member of the Commission of Inquiry on Syria, attended the launch of their report on violence in Syria at the United Nations Office in Geneva.

Committee member Hanni Megali stated that the March 2020 ceasefire agreement facilitated by Russia and Turkey, which resulted in the calm of hostilities in northwestern Idlib province, has ended.

Megali said that with the increase in air strikes in Syria and Russia and the shelling of territories controlled by this last rebel, it began to disintegrate.

“In terms of crime, air strikes and bombing, they attacked civilian objects-schools, hospitals, markets, etc.,” Megali said. “Detention, torture during detention, death during detention, sexual violence, gender-based violence. Unfortunately, even rape cases.”

The report found that some areas are being besieged by pro-government forces, and thousands of civilians are trapped without adequate food or medical care. Investigators also accused the terrorist organization Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham of imposing restrictions on the media and freedom of speech in the northwest region under its control.

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The committee accused the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces of illegally detaining thousands of women and children in camps in northeastern Syria.

Paul Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Investigation Commission of the Syrian Arab Republic, attended the press conference...
On March 2, 2020, Paul Pinheiro, Chairman of the Commission of Inquiry on Syria, attended the UN press conference in Geneva.

The chairman of the committee, Paul Pinheiro, said that one of the most shameful features is that an estimated 40,000 children are being held in Al Hawl and other camps.

Pinheiro said that nearly half are Iraqis, while 7,800 people come from nearly 60 other countries. He said that only about 1,000 foreign children were released and taken home. He pointed out that most foreign children are still deprived of their freedom because their home country refuses to repatriate them.

“Most are under 12 years old. No one accuses them of a crime,” Pinheiro said. “However, for more than three years, they have been kept in horrible conditions…Protection does not mean detaining children indefinitely. The first remedy for illegal detention is release. There is no reason to punish children for their parents’ sins. of.”

The United Nations and international agencies estimate that the decade-long war in Syria has caused about 500,000 deaths and 13.5 million people have been forcibly displaced, including refugees from the country and neighboring countries.

The UN Commission stated that it is not safe for refugees to return to Syria given the surge in violence and human rights violations, political instability, economic downturn, and the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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