The number and rate of US abortions increased from 2017 to 2020 after a long decline, according to data released Wednesday.
The report by the Guttmacher Institute, a research group supporting abortion rights, counted more than 930,000 abortions in the US in 2020. That’s up from the nearly 862,000 abortions in 2017, when national abortion figures hit their lowest point since a 1973 US Supreme Court ruling. Which legalized the process across the country.
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According to the report, one in five pregnancies ended in miscarriage in 2020, which comes as the Supreme Court is set to overturn that decision.
Sarah Rosenbaum, a health law and policy professor at George Washington University, said the number of women seeking abortions reflects a need and “underscores how devastating the Supreme Court decision can be for access to an extremely important service.” Going to do.”
Drug abortion, the combination of two drugs sometimes called the “abortion pill,” accounted for 54 percent of U.S. abortions in 2020, the first time they performed more than half of abortions, Guttmacher said.
According to the report, the COVID-19 pandemic may have pushed the numbers down in some states. In New York, abortion increased from 2017 to 2019, then fell 6 percent between 2019 and 2020. One in 10 clinics in New York withheld or stopped abortion care in 2020.
Texas saw a 2 percent decrease between 2019 and 2020, coinciding with pandemic-related abortion restrictions in the state.
Elsewhere, the pandemic may have limited access to contraception, some experts said, or discouraged women from making all health care visits involved in pregnancy.
Still, abortion was already on an upward trajectory even before the coronavirus hit people’s lives. One contributing factor: Some states expanded Medicaid access to abortion.
For example, Illinois began allowing state Medicaid funds to pay for abortions in January 2018. The state saw a 25 percent increase in abortions between 2017 and 2020.
In neighboring Missouri, abortion declined significantly, but the number of Missouri residents going to Illinois for abortion increased to more than 6,500.
“If states are paying for abortion, I hope they are also looking at how to support childbirth so a woman doesn’t think abortion is the best or only option,” National Right said Two Life committee chairman Carol Tobias, who opposes. Abortion.
Guttmacher conducts the nation’s most comprehensive survey of abortion providers every three years. The tally is considered more complete than data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which excludes several states, including California, the nation’s most populous state.
The researchers found that in 2020, fewer women were getting pregnant and a large proportion of them chose abortion. There were 3.6 million births, a decline since 2017.
The abortion rate in 2020 was 14.4 per 1,000 women aged 15-44, up from 13.5 per 1,000 women in 2017.
Abortion increased by 12 percent in the West, 10 percent in the Midwest, 8 percent in the South, and 2 percent in the Northeast.
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