As elections begin to kick off, here are a few terms you need to know as election night continues.
Whether politics interests you the most or you join to vote every other November, it’s always a good idea to brush up on some of the terms you hear during election season and remember who is running for election. and how CNN evaluates electoral contests.
Here are answers to some basic questions that many people have.
What is “replaced seat” or “pick up”?
A swap or elected seat is a seat in the House or Senate that voters take away from one party and assign to another. Due to redistribution, nine House seats, including seven new seats with no incumbents and two in which the two incumbents face each other, cannot be classified as taken by either party.
What is an “incumbent” or “incumbent”?
An “incumbent” or incumbent is a legislator or elected official running for re-election.
What is the special election?
When a senator retires, dies, or leaves office before the end of his term, the state governor usually appoints a replacement to fill the seat. Afterwards, voters usually have the opportunity to voice their opinion, usually at the next federal election. This is how Democratic Senator Mark Kelly of Arizona and Rafael Warnock of Georgia were first elected in special elections in 2020 and why they are both running for full six-year terms in 2022.
This year, there are special Senate elections in Oklahoma, where Republican Sen. James Inhofe will resign next year, and in California, where Democratic Sen. Alex Padilla, who was appointed to replace Vice President Kamala Harris, is running both to cover the remainder. Huh. Harris’ term (which ends in January) to win the next one.
Members of the House of Representatives cannot be appointed, so when a House seat becomes vacant a special election must be held to fill it. This year, Rep. There is a special election in Indiana to fill the last two months of Jackie Walorsky’s term. Valorsky died in August.
What is rank-choice voting?
Many cities and states are experimenting with ways to give voters greater access to the political process and potentially depolarize politics. Rank-choice voting is a system in most elections in Maine and Alaska, in which voters rank their choices in order of preference, rather than choosing a candidate. If no candidate gets more than 50% of the first place votes, the last candidate is eliminated and the second choice of voters who chose that candidate gets those votes.
This process is repeated until a winner is revealed.
What does “vote estimate” mean?
Based on data such as voting in previous elections, ballots cast or requested, and pre-election elections, organizations can estimate how many votes are expected in a given election. A vote estimate can more or less overestimate the actual vote, and the percentage of information can go up or down throughout election night, depending on how those estimates are adjusted as analysts view in real time. evaluate the data. As those estimates are consolidated, they can be useful in estimating how many votes are yet to be counted.
What does “bottom ballot” mean?
At the top of the ballot is the vote that the largest number of people in a state will see on their ballot.
In a presidential year, those candidates are at the top of the ballot. Most local election candidates are at the bottom of the ballot. A candidate for the House of Representatives, for example, is ranked below a presidential candidate. A mayoral candidate is below a house candidate.
How can CNN present an election that still has no votes?
This is a task that CNN takes very seriously. Based on past election results, exit polls, recent opinion polls, early voting, and other factors, it is sometimes possible to see whether a particular candidate will win an election. If there is any possibility of change, CNN will refrain from presenting the results.