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Friday, January 27, 2023

US scientists announce breakthrough in nuclear fusion

nuclear fusion reactions are produced in a The state of matter is called plasma, It would be a superhot substance endowed with electrically charged particles Has unique properties that differentiate it from solid, liquid and gas,

Significance of this achievement

scientists of California’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory They managed, for the first time, to generate more energy in a fusion reaction than was used to ignite it. is called net energy gainAs reported by the Department of Energy.

“It’s about a historic achievement To the researchers and staff at the National Ignition Facility who have dedicated their careers to make fusion ignition a realityAnd this milestone is without a doubt will conduct more searches“, Told granhome This is a statement.

For her part, NNSA Undersecretary Jill Herbie said that “achieving ignition in a controlled fusion experiment is an achievement that came after 60 years of global research Development, Engineering and Experimentation”.

How did they get it?

To achieve this goal, as he explained, the scientists conducted 192 laser against a capsule with deuteron and triton, at 3 million °C, that side”briefly simulated the conditions of a star and managed to ignite,” explained gross,

For his part, the director of the laboratory, kim woke up, clarified that despite the steps taken, there are still obstacles in giving commercial purpose to what has been achieved. “It is only a capsule that has burned once and it takes many capsules to achieve that many fusion ignition events per minute to have commercial fusion power,” he explained. he woke up,

In this sense, he calculated that it would still be necessary to wait a few decades for the construction of a power plant operating with nuclear fusion.

World Nation News Desk
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