- Advertisement -spot_img
Wednesday, December 8, 2021

Viktor Bryukhanov, the culprit in the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, died at the age of 85

Viktor Bryukhanov, who helped build and operate the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine, where a reactor explosion in 1986 formed a cloud of radioactive dust over Europe and a placating fog of accusations and political consequences that contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union, died on October 13 in Kiev. He was 85 years old.

His death was announced by a representative of a closed power plant. After serving five years in prison, Mr. Bryukhanov returned to civil service in Ukraine and headed the technical department of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade.

He has been treated for Parkinson’s disease and has suffered several strokes since retiring in 2015.

But Bryukhanov refused criminal responsibility. He attributed the explosion to flaws in the original design dictated by Moscow, the inability of the authorities to provide adequate equipment for measuring radiation leaks, and bureaucratic red tape that divided responsibility between technocrats and Communist Party apparatchiks.

However, he was found to be the main fallen guy, found guilty of gross violations of safety rules and expelled from the party. Sent to a labor camp, he served half of his 10-year sentence and was released after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Research concluded that faulty protocols in the plant’s design and poorly trained personnel caused a steam explosion and fires that erupted in the early morning of April 26, 1986, during a flawed safety experiment on the last of the four reactors of the facility.

The explosion shattered the steel and concrete roof of the reactor and threw tons of radioactive debris half a mile into the air.

Two workers died immediately, and another 28 deaths from radiation poisoning were recorded within weeks. Although some 350,000 people living in the area have been evacuated, scientists estimate that another 5,000 cases of thyroid cancer may be associated with radiation exposure from the accident.

“My father came home 24 hours later, and it looks like he was 15 years old,” Bryukhanov’s son Oleg said in an interview with the 2020 Flemish TV series Under the Charm of Chernobyl.

The wind spread the radioactivity westward to Italy and France, infecting millions of acres of European farmland and forests and causing deformities in newborn livestock. After the accident, the reactor core was enclosed in a concrete and steel sarcophagus, but even that was not enough, and officials declared the 1,600 square miles area surrounding the plant uninhabitable indefinitely.

“You need to understand the real causes of the disaster in order to know in which direction alternative energy sources should be developed,” Bryukhanov told the Russian magazine Profil in 2006. “In this sense, Chernobyl did not teach anyone anything. … “

He claimed that he and several other plant managers were scapegoated as a result of “false lies that distracted us from looking for the true causes of the accident.”

Read Also:  F.D.A. Authorizes E-Cigarettes to Stay on U.S. Market for the First Time

Viktor Petrovich Bryukhanov was born on December 1, 1935 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, which was a Soviet republic at the time. His father was a glazier, his mother was a housekeeper.

After graduating from the Tashkent Polytechnic Institute (now the Tashkent State Technical University) with a degree in electrical engineer in 1959, he worked at the Angren Power Plant in Tashkent, where he first worked as a mechanical installer.

He and his wife Valentina, a former electrical engineer from Chernobyl, have lived in Kiev since 1992. In addition to Oleg, a computer mechanic, they had another child, Lilia, who works as a pediatrician. Full details of survivors are not available.

As the head of the construction of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Mr. Bryukhanov recommended the installation of the so-called pressurized water reactors, which were widely used throughout the world. But it was rejected in favor of a different type, unique to the Soviet Union: four Soviet-designed water-cooled RBMK reactors, which were located end-to-end in a huge building.

“Among other things, scientists, engineers and managers of the Soviet nuclear power industry have pretended for years that a loss of coolant accident at RBMK is unlikely to the point of impossible,” historian Richard Rhodes wrote in Arsenals of Madness. (2007), his book on the nuclear arms race. “They knew better.”

The first Chernobyl reactor was commissioned in 1977. After repairing the leak in 1982, all four reactors were operational by 1984.

In its report on the accident, the Soviet Politburo blamed government inspectors as well.

Mr Rhodes wrote that Mr Bryukhanov had been appointed head of Chernobyl despite an earlier accident involving a steam valve leak at another plant he was involved with.

“At night, Bryukhanov received a call from the power plant and was told that“ something terrible had happened, something like an explosion, ”Mr. Rhodes wrote. “He hurried to the scene, thinking that he would have to deal with another rupture of the steam valve, but when he saw the destroyed and smoking number four, fire on the roof, fire engines everywhere, he later said, ‘My heart stopped.’

“He claimed to have called Moscow to get permission for an immediate evacuation, but did not find anyone from the authorities willing to believe that such an accident could happen to the RBMK,” continued Mr. Rhodes. “Whether he contacted Moscow or not, he waited until four in the morning – three and a half hours after the explosions – to warn the Kiev Regional Civil Defense Administration nearest to the plant, and then only reported the rooftop fires he had told Kiev about. will go out soon. “

World Nation News Deskhttps://www.worldnationnews.com
World Nation News is a digital news portal website. Which provides important and latest breaking news updates to our audience in an effective and efficient ways, like world’s top stories, entertainment, sports, technology and much more news.
Latest news
Related news
- Advertisement -

Leave a Reply