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Friday, March 31, 2023

Walking more, more often results in long-term weight loss: Study

A study published in the journal Obesity states that older adults should focus less on structured exercise, and more on creating consistent periods of enjoyable activities throughout the day, as it can contribute to long-term weight loss.Also read- Omicron threat in India: States impose restrictions before Christmas and New Year Watch the video to know the state-wise guidelines

This study is the first to demonstrate that a behavioral intervention focused on frequent walking throughout the day produces similar short-term weight loss and better long-term weight maintenance relative to higher amounts of aerobic treadmill walking. Also Read – 5 Lifestyle Changes You Should Make To Protect Your Heart

“This research is relevant to physicians and other healthcare providers interested in supporting long-term weight loss among older adults, and to older adults who are personally interested in weight loss and avoiding weight gain.” ,” said Jason Fanning, PhD, assistant professor. Department of Health and Exercise Sciences at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, NC. Fanning is the study’s corresponding author. Also read- Fitness Tips: Try These Full Body Low Impact HIIT Workouts, Beginners Can Try checkout video

Men and women from Forsyth County, North Carolina and surrounding areas were recruited for the study through local advertisements. Recruitment took place in six waves between 2016 and January 2019, and the final follow-up was completed in September 2020. Participants recruited in the first four waves of this study completed procedures prior to the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, while the last two waves took part during COVID-19 quarantine orders. The presented analysis pertains to participants who completed study procedures prior to the COVID-19 quarantine orders.

A total of 183 men and women aged 65 to 85 years were classified as obese based on a body mass index of 30 to 45 kg/m2. The average participant was 70 years old, predominantly female, highly educated and most self-reported, with hypertension and arthritis as prevalent comorbidities. These symptoms were not statistically different between the study groups.

Participants were randomized to receive a group-based, dietary weight loss program with one of three physical activity recommendations: aerobic exercise and seatless, which tasked participants with repeated walking throughout the day; aerobic exercise alone; Or seatless alone. All participants received a Fitbit Alta activity monitor at least two weeks before the start of the intervention, and the device was paired with a mobile health application that corresponded to each intervention arm (mHealth app; Empower Companion app). The app facilitated contact between group members and research staff between intervention visits and was designed to facilitate self-monitoring of activity behavior by providing group-specific, visual feedback of Fitbit activity data. Study assessments were collected by blind research staff at baseline, after the intensive phase of the intervention (six months) and at the end of the maintenance phase (18 months).

Group meeting attendance was 80 percent in weight loss and seatless, 84 percent in weight loss and aerobic exercise, and 78 percent in weight loss, aerobic exercise and seatless. With regard to structured exercise appointments, those who did weight loss and aerobic exercise participated in an average of 79 percent of the exercise sessions, while those who did weight loss, aerobic exercise and seatless participated in 65 percent. Average weekly application usage during the intensive phase (weeks 1–24) and the full study period (weeks 1–72) showed that the weight loss, siteless and aerobic exercise group had the most apps compared to the weight loss and aerobic exercise group. was used. At least there was the amount of app usage. Those who received the siteless intervention tended to view their app more often than would be expected, as these individuals were trained to look at their activity patterns several times per day.

Contrary to expectations, the researchers found that weight loss, aerobic exercise and the seatless position did not cause more weight gain or contribute to weight loss and better weight maintenance relative to seatless or weight loss and aerobic exercise. Instead, only the weight loss and aerobic exercise conditions demonstrated a significantly greater return relative to weight loss and seatless.

“There is encouraging evidence that “walking more, more often” is beneficial for weight loss and inclusion in weight maintenance efforts for older adults. This form of treatment is seen as more accessible and feasible for people with sustained weight loss. Because it does not require structured exercise sessions and should be explored in future research, said Alexandra Lee, PhD, a post-doctoral scholar in the Department of Kinesiology at Pennsylvania State, said The simplification of guidance about exercise “more, more often” is promising for clinical practice and public health efforts. University. Lee was not involved with the research.

Other authors of the study include WJ Rejewski, Department of Health and Exercise Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC; I. Leng and JF Lovato, Department of Biostatistics and Data Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Wake Forest University; and C. Barnett, MF Lyles and BJ Niklas, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University.

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