The reduction of working hours is part of the Government agreements between PSOE and Sumar, reducing it from 40 hours in forty years, to 37.5 hours in 2025, which will pass to 38.5 hours per week in 2024, something that will benefit about 12 million workers.
The vice president second and Minister of Labor, Yolanda Díaz, assured last Tuesday that the intention of the Government is to establish in law a minimum working day that guarantees a “minimum floor of rights” for all workers.
DIAZ has expressed his intention to reach a three-way agreement on this reduction, mainly because it is a measure that must be transferred later to collective agreements agreed by unions of employers or companies.
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she Last Thursday, the Ministry of Labor began negotiations with social agents to reduce working hours, with the goal of putting it by law at 37.5 hours per week by 2025, as well as other changes in record time. The meeting was attended by representatives of Labor, the UGT and CCOO unions and the CEOE employers’ association.
In his opinion, The Government’s desire for regulation borders on interventionism with sectors subject to the legal working day and with the “real working day” in Spain of 34 and a half hours, so it requested that the negotiation of working hours be continued within the scope of collective agreements .
Who will benefit the most?
According to collective bargaining data, given this week by the CCOOthe reduction of the working day to 37.5 hours will affect 10.3 million employees covered by a collective agreement, representing 94% of workers with an agreement.
The total number of potential beneficiaries in the private sector due to this measure increased to 12.9 million If the EPA microdata for the third quarter of 2023 is taken as a reference, the CCOO explained, that agriculture, hospitality and commerce are the most benefited sectors.
From the analysis of Only CCOO in the agreements signed in 2023with the data still provisional, an average working day of 1,748 hours per year is obtained, which decreases to 1,699.2 hours in companies and increases to 1,751.6 hours in those higher than companies. 38.5 hours equals 1,758.16 hours per year and 37.5 hours equals 1,712.5 hours per year.