But others said they would rather have the money go directly to kindergarten or Pre-K because it would help mothers to work. “I am always very sensitive to policies that even inadvertently discourage mothers from participating in the labor force,” said Barbara Risman, a sociologist at the University of Illinois at Chicago. “In the long run, these families will have fewer resources if mothers have lower earning potential.”
Reasons for choosing a child loan
“He helps families as much as possible to do what they think is best for their families.” – H. Luc Schaefer, Professor of Social Justice and Social Policy, University of Michigan
“We have pretty clear evidence that increasing financial resources for families with young children has important and long-term implications.” – Maya Rossin-Slater, Associate Professor, Department of Health Policy and Economics, Stanford
“The money can be spent on anything, not just childcare, and it will cover children older than the normal age that uses childcare.” – Claudia Goldin, Professor of Economics, Harvard
“It could reduce child poverty right now, is likely to improve mobility in the long run, and is unlikely to reduce the employment of mothers.” – Joanna Pepin, Associate Professor of Sociology, University of Buffalo
“Families are getting it now, and what a shame it would take it.” – Jane Waldvogel, Professor of Social Work, Colombia
This was chosen by three experts as the most important. The plan under consideration will make childcare free of charge for low-income segments of the population. And for others, it will cost no more than 7 percent of earnings, up to a certain income.
“This is likely to bring more women into the workforce, so the overall benefit to the family will be more than just lower childcare costs,” said Jill Jaworski, a sociologist at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte.
It will also help narrow the racial gap, as black and Hispanic women disproportionately became unemployed during the pandemic, said Fatima Suarez, a Stanford sociologist. “Childcare subsidies are not only a family issue, but also an issue of race, class and gender equality,” she said.
Others argued that subsidies alone were not enough to address other childcare issues, such as inaccessibility, low provider pay, and varying levels of quality. And some opted for a universal benefit over a means-tested benefit — it would make the program more popular and improve quality, they say, and childcare is out of reach for many middle-class families.
Reasons for choosing subsidized childcare
“It will benefit the most mothers who do not earn enough money to cover childcare costs.” – Jill Jaworski, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte
“The main workers are a disproportionate number of women of color, and they don’t earn enough to survive, let alone pay for childcare.” – Fatima Suarez, Ph.D. Research Fellow, Stanford
“I am weighing what would help the largest number of families over the longest period of time with the most money in the pockets of parents.” – Caitlin Collins, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington, St. Louis
Paid family leave
The United States is the only wealthy country that does not have a federal mandate to provide paid leave for new parents or in the event of a medical emergency. According to the Democrats’ plan, American workers were given up to 12 weeks. Research has shown that low-income people and people with precarious jobs will especially benefit from this, who are now at risk of falling into poverty if they need care or get sick.
“It provides the necessary protection for low-income families when they are going through important life events,” said Yeonju Cha, a sociologist at Indiana University in Bloomington. “This is essential for gender equality at work and at home. It will also have a long-term effect of equalizing the gender division of work at home. ”