The United Nations Convention on Climate Change (COP27), which began on 6 November and will end on 18 November, aims to “guarantee the full application of the Paris Agreement”.
and main objectives World Health Organization (WHO), which assures that health should be the focus of this conference, and says that the climate crisis “causes diseases and puts people’s lives at risk.”
The WHO recognized that the conference should end with progress on the key objectives of mitigation, adaptation, financing and cooperation to address the climate crisis.
The conference is being held in the context of the lack of ambition to curb greenhouse gas emissions. According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, CO2 emissions must be reduced To meet the Paris Agreement target of limiting temperature rise to 1.5°C by the end of this century, by 45 percent by 2030.
In his inaugural address at COP27, Simon Steele, the UN Executive Secretary for Climate Change, called on governments to focus on three key areas at COP27. The first is a shift towards implementation of the Paris Agreement and turning negotiations into concrete action.
The second is to consolidate progress in critical lines of work on mitigation, adaptation, financing, and loss and damage; And third is to increase the principles of transparency and accountability in the UN climate change process.
“Climate change is making millions of people sick or more vulnerable to disease around the world, and increasing destructiveness Poor and marginalized communities are adversely affected by extreme weather events,” said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who also said it is “important” that leaders and decision-makers “center health in COP 27”. See you to have “negotiations”.
The WHO assures that health depends on the ecosystems around us, and that these ecosystems are “now threatened by deforestation, agriculture and rapid urban development.”
“There are increasing opportunities for increased encroachment on animal habitats” virus harmful to humans Infection from its animal host. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause an additional 250,000 deaths per year from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress.
Despite these statements, the WHO has stressed that there is “room for hope”, especially if governments “take measures now”. Fulfill the promises made in Glasgow in November 2021″.
WHO also calls on governments to lead a rapid, equitable and progressive eradication fossil fuel and the transition to a clean energy future, as it will “represent one of the most significant contributions to mitigating climate change.”
“Climate policy must now center health and promote climate change mitigation policies that together bring health benefits,” the WHO said. health-focused climate policy “This will help achieve a planet with cleaner air, safer and more abundant food and drinking water, more efficient and fair health and social protection systems and, consequently, healthier people”.
With regard to investment in clean energy, the organization assures that “it will generate benefits to health that will more than double the investment made”.
“There are proven interventions capable of reducing emissions of short-term climate pollutants.” As an example of these measures, the WHO has implemented stricter standards for vehicle emissions, which are calculated as Could save about 2.4 million lives a year Thanks to improving air quality and reducing global warming by about 0.5°C by 2050. “The cost of renewable energy sources has fallen significantly in recent years, and solar energy is now cheaper than coal or gas in most large economies”, the organization concluded in its statement.