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Thursday, February 2, 2023

WHO recommends kangaroo mother care for baby survival

The World Health Organization (WHO) today recommended the use of the so-called “kangaroo mother method” in the first moments after delivery, in order to obtain a higher chance of survival for premature babies.

This was assigned by the organization in new guidelines published this Tuesday, which aim to improve the chances of survival and health outcomes of babies born prematurely (before 37 weeks of gestation) or small (less than 2.5 kg at birth). have to improve.

According to these rules, instead of devoting the first postnatal stage to the use of an incubator, skin-to-skin contact with the caregiver should occur immediately after birth, known as the “kangaroo mother method”. .

Furthermore, they reiterate the need for breastfeeding to improve the health outcomes of these preterm infants, as it has been empirically shown to reduce the risk of infection compared to infant formula feeding.

The guidelines, which take into account observations made by families collected in more than 200 studies, also advocate for strengthening emotional and financial support to caregivers.

“These guidelines show that improving outcomes for these young children is not always about finding solutions based on the latest technology, but about ensuring access to essential health care focused on the needs of families,” Tedros said. I’m in.” WHO.

According to available estimates, 15 million children are born prematurely each year, representing more than one in 10 born worldwide, and a significant number of children (over 20 million) are born low birth weight. It weighs.

Currently, prematurity, which marks an increasing trend in numerical terms, is the leading cause of death among children under the age of five, according to a World Health Organization report.

While most babies in high-income countries survive to 28 weeks of pregnancy or longer, survival rates can be as low as 10 percent in the poorest countries.

Experts say that most premature babies can be saved by implementing feasible and effective measures, including quality care before, during and after delivery, prevention and treatment of the most common infections, and the Kangaroo Mother Care method.

This process combines skin-to-skin contact with the primary caregiver (usually the mother) for as many hours as possible, with exclusive breastfeeding using a baby carrier or special cloak.

World Nation News Desk
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