, since the beginning of Epidemicloss Scientist linked separately past distortion a. with the possibility of passing serious illness By COVID-19 or to life risk before infection. diabetes And this obesity There are two of them, although they do not determine a greater likelihood of infection. However, these underlying mechanisms and their roles Symptoms later remain unclear. Recently, a scientific study showed that a body mass index The relation of high (BMI) a . is from higher risk by infection COVID-19 and experience a disease long. In this case, BMI may have more consistent results than charts. high blood pressure.
These searches will be presented This week at the annual meeting of European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)what happens in this year stockholm, Sweden, The scientists in charge were led by Anika Finger, MRC Unit for Lifetime Health and Aging of the University College London In United Kingdom.
“At the beginning of the pandemic, research had identified diabetes and obesity” risk Being seriously ill with COVID-19. and we know that many people who live with diabetes type 2 They are also overweight. Our first findings support the idea that the mechanism is related to obesity may be responsible for risks of COVID-19 associated with diabetes rather than high levels Sugar Feather sangre Himself,” Knuppel explained.
To pursue these findings, the researchers looked at associations between different types features clinics that were measured before this Epidemic: HbA1c (average blood glucose level), based on self-reported diabetes or Medicinebody mass index (BMI) and waist to hip (WHR), Y La covid-19 infection Self-reported and prolonged COVID in nine ongoing UK cohort studies. -from all eligible participants 19 A 75 years of age, 57% of them women – had data from a previous measurement and completed at least one questionnaire Covering questions about the virus during the pandemic (May 2020 to September 2021) and, when possible, the duration of symptoms related to the ongoing infection.
participants reported having SARS-CoV-2 based on a positive test or a strong Doubt, In that framework, for a long time, COVID was defined as symptoms that more than four weeks After infection and during comparison with those reporting indications Something less of four weeks. Wherever possible, associations were adjusted for sex, smoking, ethnicity, income and education at the time of measurement. among May 2020 and September 20215,806 participants reported ever having the virus, while 584 reported having long COVID (approx. 7% cases).
An analysis of data from 31,252 participants in nine studies found that a highest BMI was associated with Increased chance of COVID-19 infectionwith risk 7% more for each increase of 5kg/m2 in BMI. Those who were overweight (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2) and obese (30 kg/m2 or more) were 10% and 16% more likely to be infected, respectively. These data were compared with those who maintained a healthy weight (less than 25 kg/m2).
In turn, similar results were observed for long-term COVID (4243 participants, six studies), with a 20% increased risk for every 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI. people with Overweight and obesity were 20% and 36% more likely to have long-term COVID, respectively, However, the long-term associations for infection and with BMI categories were not all statistically important (This Is Why Scientists Said It’s Not Possible Insurance that they are not due to coincidence).
For experts, analyzes examining the relationship of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were not judgmental, Specifically, studies focused on mean blood sugar (HbA1c) and diabetes (15,795 participants and 1,917 with long-term COVID) showed no association with infection with the virus or its longer version.
Therefore, experts emphasize the need for more research to find out Mechanism who support them associations and to reduce the additional risk associated with high BMI. “Our earlier findings suggest an association of adiposity with COVID-19 infection and its longer duration, even after accounting for sociodemographic factors and smoking. We need to further explore what puts overweight and obese people at risk for poor outcomes and how this relates to severe cases.”