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Sunday, May 29, 2022

Why was a study about autism cited by a paper on plant beauty? , Spectrum | Autism Research News

Quote Inflation: Autism studies, among others, are appearing in reference lists of unrelated papers, possibly in an attempt to artificially boost authors’ metrics.

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A paper is all about the aesthetic beauty of a landscape of plants. Another review is of the use of anesthetic drugs in cancer patients. The third is aimed at optimizing how efficiently buses operate using deep learning.

Yet they each cite studies on autism—including one International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health and an inch Neural Computing and Applications, And no one is sure why.

Autism studies, among others, are appearing in reference lists of completely unrelated papers, suggesting that some scholars worry that there is a larger conspiracy to manipulate citations and artificially increase the effectiveness of research papers. Is.

Both autism papers were co-authored by N Arunakumar, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Rathinam Technical Campus in Tamil Nadu, India. Arunkumar also co-authored the study on anesthetic drugs that cites one of his autism papers.

Several posts on PubPeer – an online platform that researchers use to discuss journal publications – show that Arunkumar’s study is being taken completely out of context in many cases, including with autism.

Guillaume Cabanaque, associate professor of computer science at the University of Toulouse in France spectrum that PubPeer entries about papers with redundant references represent a growing trend.

“These papers cite a paper on autism, but there is no correlation between the citation paper and the cited context,” Kabanak says. From these citation patterns, one can conclude that autism is a hot research topic, as studies in this area are being cited from many other disciplines, he says. “But it’s not really like that,” Cabnack says. “It’s more likely a scam.”

MSeveral studies have been retracted, retracted or earned expression of concern, citing Arunkumar’s papers, although none of his own papers have been retracted. retreat clock database. (co-founder of turn back clock, Ivan Oransky, . is also the editor-in-chief of spectrum,

Of the 91 studies listed on Arunkumar’s Google Scholar page, only 4 have “autism” in their title. His publication list shows that he has conducted studies on a variety of topics, including lung cancer, Parkinson’s disease, and artificial intelligence.

Nevertheless, the firm Clarivate Analytics included Arunkumar in its list of the top 1 percent of cited scientists in the world in their field. combined in the last seven years of his career.

aRankumar isn’t the only researcher to have a curious citation record. His frequent co-author Mohamed Elhosseini, associate professor of information systems at the University of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates, is also listed by Clarivate as a highly cited researcher. Between 2018 and 2021, Elhoseny wrote 40 to 60 papers per year, while also peer-reviewing hundreds of others: in 2018 alone, he reviewed more than 300 manuscripts.

Commentators on PubPeer noted, however, that Elhoseny’s study—none of which concerns autism—was cited in 144 papers published by Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems ,gifs) Almost all of those papers were part of special issues that were often edited by guest editors, and at least two were co-edited by Elhosney himself.

spectrum Have reached out to Arunkumar and Elhoseni twice via email for comments, but no response yet.

In November 2021, IOS Press, which publishes gifs, withdrew 49 papers, after finding that “these articles cite literature sources that have no relation to the article’s subject matter.” The return notice concluded: “This may be the result of a deliberate attempt to reverse engineer the citation performance of the scientific literature.” Clarivate delisted last year gifs Reportedly from his magazine citation reports to pile up citations.

In September 2021, the giant Springer Nature flagged off 436 studies – including studies about the aesthetics of plants – as part of a special collection in its journals ‘Expressions of Concern’ that this amid concerns that rogue editors or impersonators may have intentionally manipulated the process.

“Sometimes you will find situations where guest editors of special issues may use that particular issue as a vehicle to promote themselves, the journals they are associated with, and their own colleagues,” Matt Hodgkinson, head of research integrity at Open-Access. Publisher Hindavi in ​​London, England.

A spokesperson for Clarivate declined to comment on the individual researchers, but reported spectrum Noting the method the firm uses to determine highly cited researchers, in 2019 the firm began to exclude authors who highly cite their own work. The methodology reads: “Researchers who have committed scientific misconduct in a formal proceeding conducted by a researcher’s institution, a government agency, a funder or a publisher are excluded from our list.”

Cyril Labe, a computer scientist at the Université Grenoble Alps in France, disagrees with judging researchers based on their citations. “For me, this [kinds] ‘Mechanic’ and ‘Blind’ [rankings] They are completely detached from what matters in science,” he says. It “does not reflect causation for citations and therefore should not be used as a proxy for locating those that are valuable to science.”

Hodgkinson says this may be the case for coercive citations, a practice in which journal editors or peer reviewers demand that study authors add certain citations as a prerequisite for their papers to be accepted and published.

Cabnack says it’s important that publishers check their journal papers to keep them free of unnecessary citations and to find out whether the authors are collaborators in the practice. “I can imagine two explanations [for] These strange quotes, “Labe says.” Random out-of-context citations are being inserted into random texts. The second is intentional quote manipulation. The latter appears to be more likely. ,

Cite this article: https://doi.org/10.53053/MGSA7457

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