World Malaria Day 2022: At the beginning of summer an army of mosquitoes comes along which can cause many diseases. Mosquitoes are probably the only predator that has thrived for centuries, causing deaths from vector-borne diseases. In fact, it is counted among the deadliest in the world, killing more than seven million people each year. There are many different mosquitoes that act as carriers of various diseases. One of them is the female Anopheles which is responsible for causing malaria. To raise awareness about this deadly disease, citizens across the world observe World Malaria Day on 25 April every year. Just in case you’re well versed in that, here’s everything you need to know!
The female Anopheles breeds in rainwater pools and puddles, lend pits, river bed locks, irrigation channels, seepages, rice fields, wells, pond margins, slack streams along sandy margins. This mosquito bites mostly between dusk and dawn. Increasing human activities such as urbanization, industrialization and construction projects with resultant migration, and indiscriminate disposal of objects create favorable conditions for mosquitoes and contribute to the spread of diseases. Specific population risk groups include young children, non-immune pregnant women, people with immune-compromised conditions, and travelers from endemic areas.
Theme of World Malaria Day 2022:
The theme of this year’s World Malaria Day is “Use innovation to reduce the burden of malaria and save lives”.
Two types of P. vivax and P. falciparum malaria present with high-grade fever with chills and headache and vomiting. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential, otherwise it can lead to complications and death, especially in high-risk groups. Some of the symptoms of malaria are as follows:
shivering and chills
nausea and vomiting
sweating and fatigue
It can be diagnosed through blood tests and treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs and good hydration. Read about prevention and control of this mosquito-borne disease
-IANS with inputs